Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

In his childhood, Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji’s name was ‘Chaupat Rai’. After receiving the double-edged sword’s nectar, his name was changed to Chaupa Singh. His parents were ‘Chhibbar’ Brahmans. They donated him to the seventh Guru, Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji. Thus, Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji got the chance of having Darshan of four Gurus (Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, Sri Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji, Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji and Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji).

When (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji was born, Bhai Chaupat Rai Ji was appointed the male-nurse to him. Working as the male-nurse, Bhai Chaupat Rai Ji witnessed many-many childhood-amusements of (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji.

Bhai Harjas Ji was appointed the Persian teacher for (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji. Pandit Kirpa Ram Datt Ji was the Sansrit teacher. Bhai Chaupat Rai Ji was though male-nurse; he used to teach Punjabi too to (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji. In those days, child-students used to use wooden-slates to develop their writing skill. Students would write on such wooden-slates. These wooden-slates were washable. Bhai Chaupat Rai Ji used to wash wooden-slate for (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji.

While discussing that important period of Guru-history, we should keep it in mind that it was the time, when the powerful Mogul Government was an enemy of Guru’s house. Brahmans were being misbehaved in Kashmir and on other places. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji would go to different places to encourage the frightened people. In such a critical time, the security of Guru’s family was an important issue. It was obvious that only very reliable persons were appointed to fulfill the requirements of Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib’s family. There was a need of a person to look after (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji, who would be a well learned as well as a warrior too. In such a time, who else was more eligible than Bhai Chaupat Rai Ji. He was in Gurus’ families since Sri Guru Har Rai Ji was on the Holy throne.

Most of the books of Guru-history say that ‘Khande Da Amrit’ (the Nectar prepared by double-edged sword) was prepared by Guru Gobind Singh Ji himself and was distributed to the five beloved-ones (Bhai Dya Singh Ji etc). On the other hand, Kesar Singh Chhibbar wrote in his book ‘Bansaavali-naama Dasaan Paatshaahiyaan Ka’ that Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji, by the order of Guru Ji, prepared this nectar. According to Kesar Singh Chhibbar, Guru Ji tasted the nectar, and then first of all, he distributed it to Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji.

When the need of written ‘Rahat-naama’ (book of code of conduct) was felt, it was Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji, who was ordered by Guru Gobind Singh Ji to write the ‘Rahat-naama’. Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji wrote this, which is famous as ‘Rahat-naama Bhai Chaupa Singh’.

When Guru Gobind Singh Ji evacuated the city of Sri Anandpur Sahib Ji, Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji was ordered to accompany Mother Sundri Ji and Mother Sahib Devaan Ji along with Bhai Sahib Singh Ji.

When they were leaving the city, Mogul generals and Rajput kings attacked on Sikhs. Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji and Bhai Sahib Singh Ji had to fight to save the Guru’s family.

It is believed that Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji was among the Singhs, who were killed alongwith Ajit Singh, the adopted son of Mother Sundri Ji.