(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)
Born in Samvat 1647 Bikrami, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was son of Guru Arjan Dev Ji and Mother Ganga Ji. Thus, he was grandson of the fourth Guru, Sri Guru Ramdas Ji.
In Samvat 1660 Bikrami, when he was 13 years old, (Guru) Hargobind Sahib Ji was married to Mother Damodari Ji.
He was appointed the sixth Guru by his father and the fifth Guru, Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji. In Samvat 1663 Bikrami, Guru Arjan Dev Ji was martyred in the city of Lahore (now in Pakistan).
In Samvat 1667 Bikrami, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was married to Mother Nanaki Ji.
The enemies of Guru’s house conspired and in result, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was imprisoned in the fort of Gwalior (now Madhya Pradesh State of India). There was a big role of Prithi Chand (elder brother of Guru Arjan Dev Ji) and Chandu Saahi (‘Saahi’ is a ‘Gotra’ of ‘Khatri’ caste) in this conspiracy.
Meanwhile, Jahangeer, the King of Delhi fell ill. His wife, Noorjahaan, asked him that it was not good to imprison any saint, like Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Bhai Gajaa-dhar Ji and Bhai Haridas Ji cured the disease of the King. Now, the King decided to release Guru Ji. However, Guru Ji asked to release 52 Hindu kings also, who were imprisoned in the fort of Gwalior. At last, Guru Ji was released with 52 kings.
The King Jahangeer also handed Chandu Saahi over to Guru Ji. Chandu was responsible for martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev Ji. However, the angry Sikhs killed Chandu in the streets of Lahore.
In Samvat 1669 Bikrami, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was married to Mother Mahadevi Ji. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji had five sons and a daughter. His two sons, Baba Gurditta Ji and Ani Rai Ji, were born to Mother Damodari Ji. Two sons, Soorat Singh Ji and Baba Atal Ji, were born to Mother Mahadevi Ji. A son, Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji, and a daughter, Bibi Veero Ji, were born to Mother Nanaki Ji.
For different reasons, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji had to fight four battles against the rulers. Guru Ji won all the battles.
In Samvat 1692 Bikrami, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji established his grandson, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, on the holy throne. Three years later, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji left for his heavenly abode in Samvat 1695 Bikrami. He was just 48 years old.