Tag Archives: Guru History

History of Gurus (from Guru Nanak Dev Ji to Guru Gobind Singh Ji) and Sikhs of that period is collected in tag achieve of ‘Guru History’…

Bhai Dya Singh Ji

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

Bhai Dya Ram (later on, Bhai Dya Singh) was son of Bhai Jati Malak and grandson of Bhai Singha Purohit.

Before leaving for his heavenly abode, Bhai Jati Mal Ji placed Bhai Dya Ram Ji under guardianship of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

Bhai Dya Ram Ji served five Gurus, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji, Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji and Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji.

When Guru Gobind Singh Ji went to Nahan and founded a town of Sri Paunta Sahib (now in Himachal Pradesh), Bhai Dya Ram Ji was with Guru Ji.

During Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s stay in Sri Paunta Sahib, Ram Rai, the elder son of Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, died in Dehradun. Bhai Dya Ram Ji went to Dehradun with Guru Gobind Singh Ji. As directed by Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Bhai Dya Ram Ji performed rituals to install Mata Punjab Kaur as the head of the centre. (For more details, please read this article: Mata Punjab Kaur.

In the marriage of King Fateh Shah’s daughter, Guru Gobind Singh Ji sent valuable gifts for the bride through Bhai Dya Ram Ji along with Bhai Nand Chand. When in Sri Nagar Garhwal, the capital of Fateh Shah, Guru’s gifts were sent back by Fateh Shah, his men tried to snatch costly gifts from Bhai Dya Ram Ji. With presence of mind and his bravery, Bhai Dya Ram brought all the gifts safe back to Guru Ji. He asked Guru Ji to get ready for battle, as he was sure that Ajmer Chand and other hill chiefs were to attack Guru Ji.

In battle of Bhangani (now Bhangani Sahib, in Himachal Pradesh), Bhai Dya Ram Ji showed his great skill of warfare. He fought with an exemplary bravery.

The ‘Apuni Katha’ in Sri Dasam Granth describes in these words the bravery of Bhai Dya Ram Ji:

ਕੁਪਿਓ ਦੇਵਤੇਸੰ ਦਯਾਰਾਮ ਜੁਧੰ ॥
ਕੀਯੰ ਦ੍ਰੋਣ ਕੀ ਜਿਉ ਮਹਾ ਜੁਧ ਸੁਧੰ ॥

(ਯੁੱਧ ਵਿਚ ਦਯਾ ਰਾਮ ਬ੍ਰਾਹਮਣ ਨੇ ਬਹੁਤ ਕ੍ਰੋਧ ਕੀਤਾ ਅਤੇ ਦ੍ਰੋਣਾਚਾਰਯ ਵਰਗਾ (ਭਿਆਨਕ) ਯੁੱਧ ਮਚਾਇਆ।)

Means, Brahman Dya Ram was angered in the battle. He fought like Dronacharya (ਦ੍ਰੋਣਾਚਾਰੀਆ).

(Daronacharya was a teacher who taught Pandavs and Kauravs the art of warfare, in Mahabharata).

When Guru Gobind Singh Ji returned to Makhowal and founded Sri Anandpur Sahib, Bhai Dya Ram Ji remained in Guru’s company.

When Guru Gobind Singh Ji introduced ‘Khande Ki Pahul’ (ਖੰਡੇ ਦੀ ਪਾਹੁਲ), Bhai Dya Singh tasted the ‘Pahul’ and became Dya Singh. Bhai Dya Ram was a lifelong companion of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib.

When Guru Ji evacuated the city of Sri Anandpur Sahib, Bhai Dya Ram joined Guru Ji in Bathinda region. Bhai Dya Ram Ji, who was a very old man at that point in time, went up to Nanded city with Guru Gobind Singh.

Bhai Dya Singh left for his heavenly abode in Hazur Sahib, Nanded.

Pandit Shivdatt

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

ਸ਼ਿਵਦਤ ਬ੍ਰਹਮਣ ਤਹਾਂ ਕਾ ਥਾ ਰਈਸ ਨਿਤਜਾਇ।
ਗੰਗਾ ਤਟ ਪੂਜਾ ਕਰੇ ਗੁਰਲੀਲਾ ਦਰਸਾਇ। (‘ਪੰਥ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ਼’, ਕਰਤਾ: ਗਿਆਨੀ ਗਿਆਨ ਸਿੰਘ)

(Shivdatt Brahman was a rich man. He used to go to the bank of Ganga to perform ‘Pooja’ daily. He would see Guru’s Leela). (Book ‘Panth Prakash’, Author: Giani Gian Singh)

Pandit Shivdatt was a rich Brahman of Patna city (now Sri Patna Sahib). He was very popular among local Hindus because of his religious life. (Guru) Gobind Rai Sahib Ji (later, Guru Gobind Sahib Ji) was living in Patna Sahib and was only a few years old at that time.

Pandit Shivdatt Ji used to take dip in Ganga River every day in Patna city. After taking bath, he would sit on the bank of river Ganga and meditate. The history tells us that Pandit Shivdatt was a devotee of Sri Ram Chandra.

When he would sit in meditation, (Guru) Gobind Rai Sahib would come there and say in sweet words, “Pandit Ji”. This innocent childlike act of (Guru) Gobind Rai Sahib would delight Pandit Shivdatt. Pandit would open his eyes and find (Guru) Gobind Rai Sahib standing in front of him.

Pandit Shivdatt used to watch (Guru) Gobind Rai Sahib’s ‘Leela’ (child’s lovely actions) daily on the bank of river Ganga. (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji with his friends used to make two parties of soldiers and had artificial fight with each other. He would give training of bow and arrow to a group of children.

Child (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji used to carry a bow and arrows with him. Sri Ram Chandra also carried a bow and arrows. Pandit Shivdatt was an old worshipper of Sri Ram Chandra. Perhaps, during his meditation, Pandit Shivdatt felt that (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji was an incarnation of Sri Ram.

He started to believe that (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji was indeed an incarnation of Sri Ram Chandra Ji. Out of his this certainty, he desired to see (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji in form of Sri Ram Chandra.

As usual, Pandit Shivdatt took bath in river Ganga and then sat on the bank. On the other hand, (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji reached there with other children. Pandit Shivdatt saw Sri Ram Chandra himself appeared there before his eyes. When a devotee sees his god with his own eyes, his joy can never be explained in words.

ਐਨ ਬੈਨ ਗੁਰ ਰਾਮ ਸਰੂਪ । ਪੇਖੇ ਸ਼ਿਵਦਤ ਦਿਜਵਰ ਭੂਪ ।
ਕਟਿ ਪੀਤਾਂਬਰ ਕੰਧ ਕੁਵੰਡ । ਸਰ ਕਰ ਫੇਰਤ ਤੇਜ ਪ੍ਰਚੰਡ ।
ਗਹੇ ਚਰਨ ਗੁਰ ਕੇ ਦਵਿਜ ਆਇ । ਸੇਵਕ ਸਾਚ ਭਯੋ ਮਨ ਲਾਇ ।
(‘ਪੰਥ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ਼’, ਕਰਤਾ: ਗਿਆਨੀ ਗਿਆਨ ਸਿੰਘ)

(The great Brahman saw the Guru exactly in form of Sri Ram. He, the Guru wore yellow cloths and a bow on his shoulder. He was moving his hand on an arrow. The Brahman came forward and touched the feet of the Guru. He became Guru’s true servant from heart). (Book ‘Panth Prakash’, Author: Giani Gian Singh)

An imaginary picture shows (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji in form of Sri Ram. Pandit Shivdatt is seen sitting in meditation.

Later on, a Gurdwara was built on the bank of river, which is called Gurdwara Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ghat (or Kangan Ghat). The word ‘Ghat’ stands for a place on the bank, generally paved, for bathing or harbouring boats etc.

Raja Fateh Chand Maini, a local chieftain served Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji with dedication during Guru Ji’s visit in 1665. Raja Fateh Chand and his wife received the Guru and his family with great honour. Guru Ji stayed in their newly built house with family. Fateh Chand Maini had no child.

On one occasion, he and his wife visited Pandit Shivdatt. The couple shared their feelings with Pandit Ji and asked to make a prayer (perform some religious rituals) so that the couple could get a son.

Pandit Shivdatt said, “You do not know whom to pray. Go to your home, sit and meditate on (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji. He will fulfill your desire.”

Raja and queen decided to pursue what Pandit Ji asked to. The couple would sit daily and meditate of (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji. A few days passed off. Love and yearning grew slowly but surely.

One day, as the Raja and the Queen was sitting in meditation. Suddenly, (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji along with his playmates came there, sat in the lap of the Queen, embraced her and said in charming voice, “Mother, I have come.”

This was the first occasion in her life that she was called by someone ‘Mother’. She was overwhelmed with pleasure and thankfulness. The pleasant-sounding word ‘Mother’ delighted the childless queen. She held (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji in her arms.

The Queen served boiled grams and ‘puris’ to (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji and his companions. The life of Raja and his queen was now absolutely revolutionized. (Guru) Gobind Rai Ji was now their ‘adopted’ son. They converted their Palace into congregational centre.

Later on, a Gurdwara was constructed there, which is known as Gurdwara Bal Leela Maini Sangat. Boiled grams are served as ‘Prasad’ (ਪ੍ਰਸ਼ਾਦ) (consecrated food) to every visitor there in the Gurdwara.

The Pages of Guru History

Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

In his childhood, Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji’s name was ‘Chaupat Rai’. After receiving the double-edged sword’s nectar, his name was changed to Chaupa Singh. His parents were ‘Chhibbar’ Brahmans. They donated him to the seventh Guru, Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji. Thus, Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji got the chance of having Darshan of four Gurus (Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji, Sri Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji, Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji and Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji).

When (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji was born, Bhai Chaupat Rai Ji was appointed the male-nurse to him. Working as the male-nurse, Bhai Chaupat Rai Ji witnessed many-many childhood-amusements of (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji.

Bhai Harjas Ji was appointed the Persian teacher for (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji. Pandit Kirpa Ram Datt Ji was the Sansrit teacher. Bhai Chaupat Rai Ji was though male-nurse; he used to teach Punjabi too to (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji. In those days, child-students used to use wooden-slates to develop their writing skill. Students would write on such wooden-slates. These wooden-slates were washable. Bhai Chaupat Rai Ji used to wash wooden-slate for (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji.

While discussing that important period of Guru-history, we should keep it in mind that it was the time, when the powerful Mogul Government was an enemy of Guru’s house. Brahmans were being misbehaved in Kashmir and on other places. Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji would go to different places to encourage the frightened people. In such a critical time, the security of Guru’s family was an important issue. It was obvious that only very reliable persons were appointed to fulfill the requirements of Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib’s family. There was a need of a person to look after (Guru) Gobind (Singh) Ji, who would be a well learned as well as a warrior too. In such a time, who else was more eligible than Bhai Chaupat Rai Ji. He was in Gurus’ families since Sri Guru Har Rai Ji was on the Holy throne.

Most of the books of Guru-history say that ‘Khande Da Amrit’ (the Nectar prepared by double-edged sword) was prepared by Guru Gobind Singh Ji himself and was distributed to the five beloved-ones (Bhai Dya Singh Ji etc). On the other hand, Kesar Singh Chhibbar wrote in his book ‘Bansaavali-naama Dasaan Paatshaahiyaan Ka’ that Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji, by the order of Guru Ji, prepared this nectar. According to Kesar Singh Chhibbar, Guru Ji tasted the nectar, and then first of all, he distributed it to Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji.

When the need of written ‘Rahat-naama’ (book of code of conduct) was felt, it was Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji, who was ordered by Guru Gobind Singh Ji to write the ‘Rahat-naama’. Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji wrote this, which is famous as ‘Rahat-naama Bhai Chaupa Singh’.

When Guru Gobind Singh Ji evacuated the city of Sri Anandpur Sahib Ji, Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji was ordered to accompany Mother Sundri Ji and Mother Sahib Devaan Ji along with Bhai Sahib Singh Ji.

When they were leaving the city, Mogul generals and Rajput kings attacked on Sikhs. Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji and Bhai Sahib Singh Ji had to fight to save the Guru’s family.

It is believed that Bhai Chaupa Singh Ji was among the Singhs, who were killed alongwith Ajit Singh, the adopted son of Mother Sundri Ji.

Sayyed Jaani Ji

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

Those people are fortunate, who work hard to experience the Truth. One needs a true Guru, with the purpose of experience the Reality. To experience the Truth, we need to pass through a long way. It is not so simple. It takes too much time to come across a true Guru. Sometime, one needs to wait for even more than a few births, before he reaches to the true Guru. Sometime, the God shows light to us and makes it trouble-free for us to come across the true Guru.

We are lucky that we have the true Guru, Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji among us to show the path of Rightness. Unfortunately, some of our brothers and sisters cannot realize the truth that Guru Granth Sahib Ji is the light of the God Himself. Such people have been going astray to find another true Guru. Historically, Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji is established on the sacred throne of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and other nine Gurus. We are fortunate that we can talk to our living Guru, Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. We are blessed that we can have the holy ‘Darshan’ of our Guru any time, anywhere.

There was time when devotees were put in hard examination before they get the holy ‘Darshan’ of the Guru. Sayyed Jaani Ji was one of such great souls.

Sayyed Jaani Ji became hermit and left his home forever. He wanted to find the true path to the God Almighty. He wandered in all directions to find a true Guru. He went to the sacred places for Hindus. He reached in sacred places for Muslims. He used to perform the ‘Namaaz’ for five times a day. He did service to the Hindu saints and Muslim seers. However, regardless of all his efforts and deep devotion, he could not experience the ultimate Reality.

His desire was not fulfilled. His efforts were proved fruitless.

When he was so hopeless, he found a ray of hope. Someone told him that Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was established on the holy throne of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Sayyed Ji heard that the supernatural powers were lying before the Sikhs, but they never accepted them. Sayyed Ji heard that Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji fought battles against the rulers and won all of them.

After listening this, Sayyed Ji was very happy. Immediately he reached to see Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. He met Bhai Khwaja Ji, who was originally a Muslim from Kashmir. Bhai Khwaja Ji was fully absorbed in Guru’s love. He was living in companionship of the Guru for a long time.

Hesitatingly, Sayyed Jaani Ji said to Bhai Khwaja Ji, “We both are from Muslim origin. Khwaja Ji, I have spent all of life searching for a true saint. O brother, tell me how I can please the Guru, so that he shows me the true path.”

Bhai Khwaja Ji replied, “There is no one else like Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji in this world. Guru is all-powerful. He is omniscient. He sees only love. When pleased, he librates the devotee from worldly ties. I appeal you to sit on the door of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Do neither say anything, nor listen to anyone. Worship the Guru by your spirit. Guru will put you in test. If you are successful, you will be saved from the ocean of sins, by the Grace of the Guru”.

Sayyed Jaani Ji listened to Bhai Khwaja Ji very cautiously. He made up his mind. He all set himself to put in the test.

He made a prayer in his mind and started to stay facing Guru’s holy court (Gurdwara). He would hardly ever take food and water. Guru Ji would come and go, and would never see towards Sayyed Jaani Ji. On the other hand, Sayyed Jaani Ji would see Guru Ji and would bow his head with deep devotion. He would not talk to anyone. Sitting unmoving on a particular place out side the Gurdwara, he would worship Guru Ji constantly. Day and night, hunger and thirst, sunshine and shade were alike to him.

This penance by Sayyed Jaani Ji continued for a number of weeks. It was his test conducted by the Guru. Guru himself, in a way, put him into this test. A true devotee was in pain for Guru’s Grace. In such a circumstances, how could a kind-hearted warrior Guru be untouched from Sayyed Jaani Ji’s devotion?

The Guru, the holy teacher, sent a Sikh to Sayyed Ji and asked, “What do you wish for? Tell what your desire is. There are many things in Guru’s court. You can obtain food, cloths, horse etc from the true Guru. Which thing do you need?”

Sayyed Jaani Ji wandered for a long time searching the true Guru. He was not in quest of such worldly things. Sayyed Ji replied, “The worldly things are perishable. I do not want any perishable things. I am longing for the God. I want to realize the Truth. I want the Grace of Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

It is clear that Sayyed Jaani Ji had understood this ‘Shabd’ of the Holy Gurbani: –

Sri Raag Mahla Paihla. Sabh Ras Mitthhe Manneyai, Suneyai Saalone“.

(Translation of all of the holy ‘Shabd’: – Sri Raag, FIRST Mahla: – Believing, all tastes are sweet. Hearing, the salty flavors are tasted; chanting with one’s mouth, the spicy flavors are savored. All these spices have been made from the Sound-current of the Naad. The thirty-six flavors of ambrosial nectar are in the Love of the One Lord; only one who is blessed by His Glance of Grace tastes them. 1. O Baba, the pleasures of other foods are false. Eating them, the body is ruined, and wickedness and corruption enter into the mind. 1. Pause. My mind is imbued with the Lord’s Love; it is dyed a deep crimson. Truth and charity are my white clothes. My wearing of blue clothes erases the blackness of sin, and meditation on the Lord’s Lotus Feet is my robe of honor. Contentment is my cummerbund; Your Name is my wealth and youth. 2. O Baba, the pleasures of other clothes are false. Wearing them, the body is ruined, and wickedness and corruption enter into the mind. 1. Pause. The understanding of Your Way, Lord, is horses, saddles and bags of gold for me. The pursuit of virtue is my bow and arrow, my quiver, sword and scabbard. To be distinguished with honor is my drum and banner. Your Mercy is my social status. 3. O Baba, the pleasures of other rides are false. By such rides, the body is ruined, and wickedness and corruption enter into the mind. 1. Pause. The Naam, the Name of the Lord, is the pleasure of houses and mansions. Your Glance of Grace is my family, Lord. The Hukam of Your Command is the pleasure of Your Will, Lord. To say anything else is far beyond anyone’s reach. O Nanak, the True King does not seek advice from anyone else in His decisions. 4. O Baba, the pleasure of other sleep is false. By such sleep, the body is ruined, and wickedness and corruption enter into the mind. 1. Pause. 4. 7) (Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, page 16-17).

The Sikh went back to Guru Ji and told what Sayyed Jaani Ji said. Guru Ji listened this and remained silent

More weeks passed. Sayyed Ji continued with his penance out side the Gurdwara. He would hardly ever take any food. He would see Guru Ji’s holy face whenever Guru Ji goes to Gurdwara. What else is needed to be alive? Wah! Wah wah!! ‘Gur Ka Darsan Dekh Dekh Jeevaan<‘ (Beholding the Blessed Vision of the Guru’s ‘Darshan’, I live). (Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, page 239).

Guru Ji decided to put him even more difficult test. He ordered to construct a wall in the way where Sayyed Jaani Ji used to sit. The reason of constructing such a wall was to prevent Sayyed Ji to have the ‘Darshan’ of Guru Ji. Sikhs constructed a wall there.

In fact, Sayyed Jaani Ji was a true lover. It was proved by his devotion and hardships. However, his love had a physical aspect. For him, Guru was a physical object. Whenever he thinks about Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, he would think about his body, his clothing and his ornaments etc.

Guru is not a body. It is not right to say that Guru is merely a human being similar to other ordinary people. In fact, Guru is the light. He is the light of the God Almighty. There is no difference between light inside the Guru and God. This is what Guru Ji wanted to teach Sayyed Jaani Ji. That is why he ordered to construct a wall, so that Sayyed Ji could possibly forget the physical aspect of the Guru and could meditate on the holy light.

Now, Sayyed Jaani Ji was not able to see Guru’s holy face. He continued with his penance. He would recite the Guru’s name. Sunshine and shade were same to him. The devotion for Guru increased inside him. He started to meditate on Guru Ji for 24 hours.

Sometime, Bhai Khwaja Ji would go near him and provide him with food etc, otherwise Sayyed Jaani Ji used not to be bothered about food. He was fully absorbed in love of true Guru, Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

Oh my Guru! You are great. You are wonderful, O my Guru Kalgidhar Sri Hargobind Sahib Ji. You have showed the True Path to much-loved Sayyed Jaani Ji, without sharing even a single word with him.

Oh foolish people of this perishable planet! Pay attention to Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji what he said to beloved Sayyed Ji wordlessly. Guru is not a physical body. A physical body can never be a Guru. Do not meditate on any physical body. Do not meditate on any picture of Guru. See, Guru Hargobind did not permit Sayyed Ji to meditate on Guru’s living body. How can you give good reason for your meditation on a picture, which is entirely an imagination of an artist?

Oh foolish! See, Guru Ji constructed a wall of bricks to save his devotee from any erroneous belief. It is just a fallacy to meditate on Guru’s physical appearance. Try to be aware of what Guru Ji is indicating here.

Wah! Wah! Sayyed Jaani Ji understood it. He sees the Guru without seeing the Guru. He realized that ‘Gur Moorat Gur Shabd Hai, Saadh Sangat Mil Amrit Vela‘ (Bhai Sahib Gurdas Ji, ‘Vaar’ 24, stanza 11). Wonderful! Sayyed Ji is now able to see Guru Ji all the time, no matter where the physical body of Guru is.

Oh people of the world! If you admit that Guru is the ‘Shabd‘, not a body, you will realize that Guru is omnipresent, because the ‘Shabd’ is omnipresent. If the ‘Shabd’ is omnipresent, you can hear it everywhere. If Guru is omnipresent, you can hear him everywhere. Just realize the ‘Shabd’, you can even talk to the Guru, whenever you want.

Great devotee Sayyed Jaani Ji now sees Guru everywhere. He is able to hear Guru Ji, no matter where he is. He is satisfied without any food. He is untroubled. He got the true pleasure.

Now, it was the time to throw away the love for life. It was the time to learn how to obey the true Guru even if he asks to die. The holy Gurbani says, “Paihlaan Maran Kabool, Jeevan Kee Chhadd Aas“. (First, accept death, and give up any hope of life). (Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, page 1102).

Guru Ji sent a Sikh to Sayyed Jaani Ji to order him to jump into the river. The Sikh went to Sayyed Ji and said, “There is an order for you by the Guru”.

Sayyed Ji heard this. It made him so delighted. An order by the true Guru, and for him? Wow! However, what is the order?

The Sikh said, “Go and jump into the river”.

Wow! It was so easy for a true devotee, like Sayyed Jaani Ji. Sayyed Ji rushed to the river and jumped into it without any delay. Guru Ji had already prearranged some Sikhs to bring Sayyed Ji out of the river securely.

Sayyed Ji was saved from the river and was brought back to where he used to sit.

Many people start to penance. In the beginning, they want to please the God Almighty, but later they start to try to get supernatural powers. There are many so-called ‘saints’, who are doing their ‘saadhna’ to get such powers.

Was there any desire for such a supernatural power in the mind of Sayyed Jaani Ji? It was, now, time to get answer to this question.

Guru Ji sent a Sikh to Sayyed Ji and asked, “If you want any supernatural power, just tell now. Guru Ji will give it to you without delay”.

Sayyed Ji replied, “I do not want anything else, with the exception of the beloved Guru”.

Sayyed Ji was successful in his penance. Now, Guru Ji called him in his holy court. Sayyed Ji came and put his head in Guru’s feet. Guru Ji delivered him the True Knowledge and told him the true path to the God Almighty.

He enjoyed the holy companionship of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji for a long period.

One day, Guru Ji called Sayyed Jaani Ji along with Bhai Khwaja Ji, and said, “Your selfless service towards the Guru is accepted. Guru is pleased. Now go to some place and live there like saints of the God.”

Both of them were true Gursikhs. They had to obey their Guru Ji. However, before leaving the Guru, they appointed their disciple Bhai Nand Laal Ji (Guru Ji used to call him ‘Sohna’) to do the services to Guru Ji they used to do.

Thus, the great soul, Sayyed Jaani Ji, was blessed by the Guru.

—–

Source: ‘Sri Gur Pratap Sooraj Granth’.

Bhai Khwaja Ji

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

There was a ‘Kashmiri’ in the holy court of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, whose name was Bhai Khwaja Ji. He used to do the service to Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. He was always ready to act, never lazy.

He used to give bath to Guru’s horse. When Guru Ji goes somewhere riding on his horse, Bhai Khwaja Ji used to walk ahead of Guru Ji’s horse.

After sometime, the image of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was embossed permanently in the mind of Bhai Khwaja Ji. He used not to talk to anyone, except for Guru Ji. He would do ‘Seva’ to Guru Ji and then go to spent his time all-alone.

One day, as usual, Bhai Khwaja Ji was running in front of Guru Ji’s horse. Sweet was flowing on his body, but he did not feel any tiredness. His mind was absorbed fully in the service of the Guru. Happiness and sorrow were equal to him.

Guru Ji got down from his horse and asked Bhai Khwaja Ji to come close to him. When he came close to Guru Ji, Guru Ji said, “Tell me, what is the desire in your mind?”

The Gurbani Says, “Ai Jee, Kaal Sadaa Sir Oopar Thhaadhhe, Janam Janam Vairaayee. Saachai Shabd Rate Se Baache, Satgur Boojh Bujhaayee. 3. Gur Sarnaayee Joh Na Saakai Doot Na Sakai Santaayee. Avigat Naath Niranjan Raate, Nirbhau Sio Liv Laayee.4. Ai Jeeyo, Naam Dirhoh, Naame Liv Laavoh, Satgur Tek Tikaayee. Jo Tis Bhaavai Soyee Karsi, Kirat Na Meteya Jaayee. 5. Ai Jee, Bhaag Pare Gur Saran Tumaaree, Main Avar Na Doojee Bhaayee. Ab Tab Eko Ek Pukaaraun Aad Jugaad Sakhaayee.6. Ai Jee, Raakhoh Paij Naam Apune Kee, Tujh Hee Sion Ban Aayee. Kar Kirpa Gur Daras Dikhaavoh, Haumain Shabd Jalaayee. 7. Ai Jee, Kya Maagaun, Kichh Rahai Na Deesai, Is Jag Mah Aaya Jaayee. Naanak Naam Padaarath Deejai, Hirdai Kanthh Banaayee. 8.3.” (Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, page 504).

(O Dear One, death hangs constantly over his head. Incarnation after incarnation, it is his enemy. Those who are attuned to the True Word are saved. The True Guru has imparted this understanding. 3. In the Guru’s Sanctuary, the Messenger of Death cannot see the mortal, or torture him. I am imbued with the Imperishable and Immaculate Lord Master, and lovingly attached to the Fearless Lord. 4. O Dear One, implant the Naam within me; lovingly attached to the Naam, I lean on the True Guru’s Support. Whatever pleases Him, He does; no one can erase His actions. 5. O Dear One, I have hurried to the Sanctuary of the Guru; I have no love for any other except You. I constantly call upon the One Lord; since the very beginning, and throughout the ages, He has been my help and support. 6. O Dear One, please preserve the Honor of Your Name; I am hand and glove with You. Bless me with Your Mercy, and reveal to me Your Blessed Vision, O Guru. Through the Word of the Shabad, I have burnt away my ego. 7. O Dear One, what should I ask of You? Nothing appears permanent; whoever comes into this world shall depart. Bless Nanak with the wealth of the Naam, to adorn his heart and neck. 8.3.) (Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, page 504).

The message given in this holy hymn had been written on Khwaja Ji’s heart, that is why he folded his hands and replied, “The only desire in my mind is to have your ‘Darshan’ all the time. No other desire is there. I want to be always near to you. I want to do ‘Seva’ to you without any desire. I want to see your holy face, which is the ocean of happiness.”

Guru Ji was pleased to listen these humble words by Bhai Khwaja Ji. Guru Ji said, “You are ‘Nihaal’, you are delighted.”

From that day, Bhai Khwaja Ji remained always delighted. He would not talk to anyone else.

When Sayyed Jaani Ji was searching for a true Guru, he was told about Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Sayyed Jaani Ji met Bhai Khwaja Ji and said, “We both are from Muslim origin. Khwaja Ji, I have spent all of life searching for a true saint. O brother, tell me how can I please the Guru, so that he shows me the true path?”

Bhai Khwaja Ji replied, “There is no one else like Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji in this world. Guru is all-powerful. He is omniscient. He sees only love. When pleased, he librates the devotee from worldly ties. I request you to sit on the door of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Neither say anything to anyone, nor listen to anyone. Worship the Guru by your heart. Guru will put you in test. If you are successful, you will be saved from the ocean of sins, by the Grace of the Guru”.

Sayyed Jaani Ji was proved successful in the test conducted by Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

Guru Ji blessed Bhai Khwaja Ji. Guru Ji called him and Sayyed Jaani Ji and said, “Your selfless service towards the Guru is accepted. Guru is pleased. Now go to some place and live there like saints of the God.”

Both of them were true Gursikhs. They had to obey their Guru Ji. However, before leaving the Guru, they appointed their disciple Bhai Nand Laal Ji (Guru Ji used to call him ‘Sohna’) to do the services to Guru ji they used to do.

Thus, Bhai Khwaja Ji was blessed by the Guru.

—–Source: ‘Sri Gur Pratap Sooraj Granth’.

Bhai Saadhu Ji and Bhai Roop Chand Ji

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

Bhai Saadhu Ji, son of ‘Saada’, was once a worshipper of ‘Sakhi Sarwar’. He was enganged to Bibi Soorati Ji, the daughter of Bhai Aakal Ji, a resident of village ‘Vadde Ghar’.

On fixed day, Saadhu Ji reached village ‘Vadde Ghar’ in his ‘Baarat’ to marry Bibi Soorati Ji. After the solemnization of the marriage, the ‘Baraat’ was departed and advanced towards its destination, village ‘Tuklaani’.

The marriage was performed in summer. To avoid severe hot weather, the ‘Baraat’ departed in evening. The village ‘Daroli’ was situated in the way of this ‘Baraat’. It was early morning, when the ‘Baraat’ reached in this village. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was in this village at that time.

The newly wed Bibi Soorati Ji heard the ‘Keertanis’ singing the ‘Aasa Kee Vaar’. She had visited this village for many times with her father to have the holy ‘Darshan’ of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

She said to the ‘Kahaars’ (palanquin bearers), “As you know already, I am a Sikh of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Guru Ji is here in this village. I want to have his ‘Darshan'”.

She gave some money to the ‘Kahaars’. The ‘Kahaars’ agreed to carry her ‘Doli’ near to the Gurdwara. Thus, she went to Guru Ji. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was Auspiciously seated on his throne. The ‘Keertanis’ were singing the ‘Aasa Kee Vaar’. People were sitting there listening the ‘Keertan’ devotionally.

Bibi Soorati Ji bowed her head to Guru Ji and then sat in the ‘Sangat’ (congregation). After the conclusion of the ‘Divaan’, Guru Ji saw her. She was in newly wed bride’s dress. Her husband was not with her. Therefore, Guru Ji asked her, “You have come here in the early morning. Where do you live? Where do you have to go?”

She told about her and said, “My parents are in village ‘Vadde Ghar’ and I am just married in a family, which worships ‘Sakhi Sarwar’. I am your Sikh. I am going to my in-laws. I will perhaps not be able to see your holy face again, because, I fear, they will not allow me to do so. I heard the ‘Keertan’, so I came here to have your ‘Darshan'”.

Guru Ji was pleased to hear that she was devoted to Guru’s house. Guru Ji blessed her, “I have written your new fate. You have come to the congregation. Your father is a Sikh. You too are a Sikh. Now, your husband will be my Sikh. Your son will be a devoted Sikh”.

What else did she want? The words by Guru Ji gave her a new life.

On the other hand, when her father-in-law did not find her, he asked his son Saadhu, “Where is your wife?”

Saadhu said, “She has gone to her Guru”.

Saada was angered to know that her daughter-in-law went to the Gurdwara. He shouted on his son, “Why have you allowed her to go there? Don’t you know that we worship only Sakhi Sarwar? The Sakhi Sarwar will be angry, because she went to the Gurdwara. We do not believe in Guru. Go there and bring her back here”.

Saadhu rushed to the Gurdwara. When he saw Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji’s holy face, Saadhu’s mind was changed. The Guru’s holy face filled his heart with holy feelings. Hypnotized by the Guru, he bowed his head to Guru Ji and touched his feet. Guru Ji asked him to sit near him.

Guru Ji talked to him for a while and in a result, Saadhu was ready to be changed forever.

He prayed to Guru Ji, “I want to be your Sikh. Please accept me your disciple”.

Guru Ji accepted him as his Sikh and gave him the ‘Name’. Guru Ji said, “Your son will be a great devotee”.

Saadhu was not mere ‘Saadhu’ now. He was, now, ‘Bhai Saadhu Ji’. His fate was re-written by the holy Guru. He was chosen by the Guru to be the immortal. He was to be included forever on the pages of Guru history.

Bhai Saadhu Ji went back to his ‘Baraat’ along with his wife Bibi Soorati Ji. The ‘Baraat’ reached in his village ‘Tuklaani’.

All the relatives were very happy. People were dancing. Women were singing. Because all of the family members were ‘Sultanis’, they took Bhai Saadhu Ji and his newly wed wife to Sakhi Sarwar’s place constructed in their house.

Bhai Saadhu’s father, Saada, asked them to bow their heads before Sakhi Sarwar’s place. Instead bowing his head, Bhai Saadhu kicked the Sakhi Sarwar’s place and said, “I am, now, a Sikh of my Guru. I will destroy this place”.

The relatives were stunned on this. They said to him, “Shut up. O fool, do not say Guru’s name. We are followers of Sakhi Sarwar”.

However, Bhai Saadhu Ji was not agreed. His relatives tried to threaten him, but in vain. In night, when all were sleeping, Bhai Saadhu Ji destroyed the Sakhi Sarwar’s place. Next morning, the relatives constructed in again. Again, Bhai Saadhu Ji removed it. It happened repeatedly. They used to construct it again in daytime and Bhai Saadhu Ji would destroy it in night.

As a final point, the Sakhi Sarwar’s place was removed from his house permanently. Bhai Saadhu Ji and Bibi Soorati Ji started to live life like true Sikhs.

After sometime, a lovely child was born to her. Every one was happy to see the lovely infant. After sometime, Bhai Saadhu JI and his wife went to Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji along with their newborn son. At that time, Guru was in Sri Amritsar Sahib Ji. Bhai Saadhu Ji took bath in holy pool. Then, he appeared in the congregation. Guru Ji was on his holy throne. Bhai Saadhu touched the holy feet of Guru Ji and put his offerings in front of him.

Bhai Saadhu Ji said, “Guru Ji, by your Grace, a son is born my house. Please name the infant. Also, bless him, so that he could become your Sikh”.

Guru Ji looked at the infant. Our history books tell that the newborn was so cute and beautiful, like moon.

Guru Ji named him ‘Roop Chand’ (the moon of beauty) and said, “He will be famous by name of Bhai Roopa. He will be a true Gursikh”.

Bhai Saadhu Ji and Bibi Soorati Ji were too happy to hear this from Guru Ji. After staying there for some days, they came back to their home. They would often visit Sri Amritsar Sahib once or twice a year to have the holy ‘Darshan’ of Guru Ji.

Bhai Aakal Ji raised his daughter Bibi Soorati Ji in pure religious surroundings. Now, she herself started to raise her baby in same atmosphere. She and her husband Bhai Saadhu made such arrangements that their son Bhai Roop Chand became a true follower of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

Once, Guru Ji went to village Daroli. When Bhai Saadhu Ji and his son Bhai Roop Chand Ji heard this, they too went there and had the holy ‘Darshan’ of their Guru Ji. Bhai Roop Chand Ji was not a child now. He was grown up by that time. He learned the basic principles of Sikhism.

Time was being passed. Bhai Saadhu Ji and Bhai Roop Chand Ji were carpenters by their profession. Cutting wood was a part of their profession. They used to go to the nearby forest to get wood for them.

It was hot summer. The scorching wind was blowing out there. As usual, Bhai Saadhu Ji and Bhai Roop Chand Ji went to the jungle to cut some wood for them. They took some water in leathern water bag with them. They reached in the forest and hung the leathern water bag on a branch of a tree. They started to cut the branches of other trees.

They worked hard for sometime. Then, Bhai Roop Chand Ji felt thirsty. He touched the leathern water bag to take some water from it. It was so cold. He said to his father, “Father, the water is so cold. It is worthy for Guru Ji. Guru Ji should come here and drink this. This water is excellent. All the excellent things are for our holy Guru Ji”.

He did not drink the water and sat on the ground. His father joined him. They closed their eyes and remembered Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. After some moments, both of them started to work again. Then, Bhai Saadhu Ji thought that his son did not drink water. He wanted that his beloved son should take some water in this hot weather conditions. Therefore, he went himself to get water for his son. When he touched the water bag, he realized that his son was right saying water was so cold.

Bhai Saadhu Ji thought, “My son is intelligent. This water is excellent. Every excellent thing should be for Guru Ji”.

He did not take water either and sat on ground. His son also came near to him and sat there. Both of them had been cutting wood for a long time in so hot weather. They were too thirsty. Cold water was there, but they were not ready to drink it.

The water in their water bag was excellent, so it was to be taken by their Guru Ji first. Only then, they would touch it. They were confounded because of thirst.

Bhai Saadhu Ji said, “I want my Guru J to drink this water first. Guru Ji is in village Daroli, several miles away. It is a hot mid-day. It seems that there is fire burning in all the directions. How is it possible that Guru Ji would come here and accept this water as our offerings?”

His son replied, “Father, Guru Ji is omniscient. He will listen to our prayer”.

They again tried to continue with their woodcutting job, but could not do because of harsh thirst. Now, they sat on ground and started to meditate on Guru Ji. They were remembering their Guru, Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, who was several miles away from them. A dense jungle, a water bag hanging on a branch of a tree, two lovers remembering their beloved, and the beloved is several miles away. Is the love a child’s play?

The love is a different game. It wants you to be always ready to put yourself in every test. It makes the lovers dance on fire. It wants the lovers to recite his beloved’s hymns under the shadow of a saw in Chandni Chowk. It requires having the patience to be cut into small pieces in a Chowk of Lahore city.

If love is a different game, its impact is deeper. The love has the ability to attract the beloved; even if he is several miles away. The true love can fascinate the beloved, no matter if he is Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji himself.

The lovers are in the jungle. Their eyes are closed. Their hearts are full of love for their beloved. The image of the beloved is printed on their minds.

However, where is the beloved?

He is in village of Daroli. He is lying on his royal bed in a cold room, which is perfumed very well. His relatives are talking to him.

The two lovers are thirsty and are in pain; even then, the beloved is enjoying the pleasures?

No, not at all. It could give the impression that he is talking to his relatives. It may perhaps look as if he is not aware what is happening there in far forest several miles away. No, it is not so. The beloved too is thinking of his lovers. The love has already fascinated him.

Look, he is going rapidly towards his stable. Now, he has ridden on his horse. Look at him. He is making his horse run very fast. He is advancing towards the jungle. See, he has reached near his lovers.

Bhai Saadhu Ji and Bhai Roop Chand Ji were in deep meditation. Then, in that forest, they heard a voice.

“Any body there? I am so thirsty. I need some water”.

Wow! He is thirsty. Is he? Yes, he is. He has always thirst for love.

The lovers opened their eyes. A horseman is there asking for some water. A warrior is looking at them. He is not an ordinary horseman. He is not just one in the crowd of warriors. He is the holy King of thousands of hearts. He is the light of the God Almighty. He is the most handsome angel on this planet. He is the beloved they are waiting for. In addition, he is asking for some water.

They were delighted to see Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji before their eyes. Their joy cannot be described in words.

Guru Ji came close to them and said, “I am thirsty. I need some water, but in this forest, I do not see any water”.

Both of them touched the holy feet of Guru Ji and said, “Prabhu, Water is ready. We did not drink it. It is for you, Guru Ji”.

Can mere water be a valuable offering to the Guru? Great is my Guru. He made his Sikhs feel that they did something for their Guru. Otherwise, Guru does not need anything. Oh my beloved Guru! I am sacrificed to you.

Bhai Roop Chand Ji took the leathern water bag and Bhai Saadhu Ji put water in a ‘Doona’ (a cup prepared from leaves) and gave it to Guru Ji.

Guru Ji drank the water and said, “Water is nice. I have never drunk such tasteful water. I am satisfied. Now, drink the water yourself”.

Both of them, then, drank water and satisfied their thirst.

By permission of Guru Ji, Bhai Saadhu Ji went to his house and brought Bibi Soorati Ji there. She too was so pleased to see Guru Ji.

Guru Ji gave some weapons and cloths to Bhai Roop Chand Ji. Bhai Roop Chand Ji carried them on his head. When Guru Ji saw this, he said, “O Roop Chand, why did you not wear the garments given by me?”

Bhai Roop Chand Ji replied, “Guru Ji, I am just a servant of your servants. The weapons and garments given by you are sacred to me. I will respect them as I respect yourself”.

Meanwhile, other Sikhs, including Bhai Bidhi Chand Ji and Painde Khan’ also reached there, when they heard that Guru Ji went to the forest in such a hot mid-day. When they came to know the fact that Guru Ji came there to bless Bhai Saadhu Ji and Bhai Roop Chand Ji, all of them were amazed.

Guru Ji, ordered Bhai Saadhu Ji to colonize a new village. For this purpose, Bhai Saadhu Ji, along with his wife and son, went with Guru Ji. In their way back to village ‘Daroli’, they spent a night in a lonely place. Next morning, Guru Ji himself laid the foundation stone for a new village, which was named ‘Bhai Roopa’ after Bhai Roop Chand Ji’s name.

Guru Ji ordered to construct new houses there, so that the village could be populated. Guru Ji promised to come there again and then, went back to the village Daroli.

When Guru Ji visited the village ‘Bhai Roopa’ for second time, it had been well populated under the supervision of Bhai Saadhu Ji and Bhai Roop Chand Ji. Both of them proved that they were good town planners. This time, when Guru Ji came for second time, 3,000 Sikhs were also accompanying him. Bhai Bidhi Chand Ji was also there in these Sikhs. All of them stayed in the village for approximately 15 days. It is, thus, understandable that the village had enough houses etc for 3000 guests.

Guru Ji said, “Roop Chand is so dear to me. He has done lots of ‘Seva’ to me. Now, I have decided to give him the ‘Manji’.

Guru Ji asked him to sit on the ‘Manji’. Bhai Roop Chand Ji showed his hesitation and said, “Guru Ji, I belong to a low caste. The ‘Manji’ is for higher person only. I want to remain only your slave. I have no other desire in my mind”.

Guru Ji held him from his arm and sat him on the ‘Manji’. Guru Ji himself put ‘Tilak’ on Bhai Roop Chand Ji’s forehead and said, “Neechai Ooch Karai Mera Gobind” (My God exalt and elevate the lowly). (Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, page 1106).

Guru Ji said, “You are blessed. No matter what you say will be proved true. You will be blessed with seven sons. Now, start Guru’s kitchen (‘Langar’) and be always proud less. Your family will be blessed until they prepare ‘Guru’s kitchen’ with love and devotion. So, continue to serve the Guru”.

Bhai Saadhu Ji and Bhai Roop Chand Ji were pleased. Guru Ji stayed there in village ‘Bhai Roopa’ with them for approximately 15 days.

The Guru-history tells us that the descendents of Bhai Roop Chand Ji did lots of ‘Seva’ to other Gurus too. Bhai Dharam Singh Ji and Bhai Param Singh Ji, who served Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru, were sons of Bhai Roop Chand Ji. Bhai Dyal Singh Ji was grandson of Bhai Roop Chand Ji, who served Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

—–

Sources: ‘Sri Gur Pratap Sooraj Granth’, ‘Gur Bilas Patshahi 6’, ‘Mahan Kosh’.

Bhai Aakal Ji and Bibi Soorati Ji

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

We often spent lots of money on our children’s education. We spent huge money on their professional training. We do not hesitate to give them costly garments etc. However, most of us do not care to give our children the religious education. I do not hesitate to say that majority of our young generation does not know about our Guru-history and basic concepts of our religion.

Sometime, we hear people saying that our children are getting ‘moral’ education in their schools, so there is no need for separate religious education, but they forget that the morality in our society is based on our religion. For example, it is our religion, which tells us to always speak truth. It is our religion, which asks us not to make thefts etc.

Without getting the religious education, our children have forgotten their religious responsibilities. They are becoming selfish. They do not respect their teachers. They do not care about their parents. Many young people are involved in violence. Drugs have become a serious problem even in small towns. Even minors are involved in sexual activities. We can see many Sikh children and youth, who have cut their hair. Some of them have adopted smoking as a fashion trend.

Surprisingly, we have started to blame the media for all of these problems. Cable TV channels and movies are main target of our criticism. However, would we care to answer the question that who has provided cable TV and movies to our children and youth? Cable TV channels are being run in our own TVs. We pay for cable TV channels and then allow our children to watch them. Children are not able to understand that what is being shown on TV channels and movies is not a reality. They start to follow fallacy. Thus, we ourselves, in a way, are responsible for such problems.

If we give them proper religious education, they can be good persons, who have respect for their teachers, parents, elders and their religion as well. Giving them religious education will help them to lead a religious life. Especially girls should be given proper religious education at any price. The girl will, one day, be a mother. A religious mother can fill the minds of her children with religious thoughts.

We need to inspire our children and youth for religious activities. We should encourage them to know more and more about our religion. We should make them realize that we are Sikhs and we do not follow other’s religion at all. This was what Bhai Aakal Ji did. He gave proper knowledge of Sikhism to her beloved daughter. He inspired her not to follow other’s religion.

Bhai Aakal Ji is an ideal for all the Sikh parents. He was a perfect Sikh. He taught her daughter the basic principles of Sikhism. It was the religious education by Bhai Aakal Ji given to her daughter, which turned a ‘Sultani’ family into a devout Sikh family.

Bhai Aakal Ji was a Sikh of the fourth Guru, Sri Guru Ramdas Ji. He was a resident of village ‘Vadde Ghar’. He used to visit Guru Ramdas Ji once or twice a year. He would love to recite the Gurbani.

Bhai Aakal Ji was a carpenter by profession (which is also a caste in India). He was very hard working Gursikh. He was lucky that he could see the holy faces of three Gurus. First, he became the Sikh of fourth Guru, Sri Guru Ramdas Ji. When the fourth Guru Ji left for his heavenly abode and Guru Arjan Dev Ji was established on the holy throne, Bhai Aakal Ji started to visit Guru Arjan Dev Ji. When Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji became the sixth Guru, Bhai Aakal Ji got the opportunity to have his holy ‘Darshan’.

Bhai Aakal Ji had a daughter. Her name was Bibi Soorati Ji. Bhai Aakal Ji asked his ‘Purohit’ to find a suitable match for her. The Purohit tried to find an appropriate match for her in different places. When he went to village ‘Tuklaani’ in this regards, he felt that ‘Saada’, a carpenter, in that village was a respectable person in his locality. He had a son, who was unmarried yet. The Purohit went to Saada’s house. Saada welcomed him and requested him to stay with him for a night. This is what the Purohit wanted. It was necessary to find out required information before fixing the marriage. It was easy to see this family from close, if Purohit would stay in that family.

The Purohit felt that the family was good. He also liked Saada’s son, whose name was ‘Saadhu’. Purohit found him a suitable match for Bibi Soorati Ji. He, then, performed necessary rituals and their engagement was announced. It was the time, when Brahman Purohits were authorized for such engagements in some castes, like Brahmans, Khatris, Carpenters, and Vaishyas etc. Other castes used to appoint ‘Naayee’ (barber) for such duties.

The Purohit went back to Bhai Aakal Ji and told him that Saadhu of village Tuklaani would be his son-in-law.

Bhai Aakal Ji asked the Brahman, “Is the boy a Sikh? Are other members of his family Sikhs?”

Brahman replied, “I did not try to know this. I do not know whether they are Sikhs. I know only one fact, and that is Saadhu is a suitable match for your daughter”.

This answer by the Purohit saddened Bhai Aakal Ji. He was a Sikh and wanted to marry his beloved daughter into a Sikh family. Brahman fixed the marriage and he was not sure if they were Sikhs or not.

Bhai Aakal Ji was worried, but nothing was possible now. After sometime, he started to make arrangements for Bibi Soorati Ji’s marriage. He sent a letter of marriage to Saada.

The ‘letter of marriage’ created the atmosphere of joy in Saada’s family. They too started to arrange for the marriage.

In fact, Saada and his other family members were followers of ‘Sakhi Sarwar’, a Muslim seer. The followers of Sakhi Sarwar are called ‘Sarwaris’ or ‘Sultanis’ in Punjab. Saada had constructed a special place for ‘Sakhi Sarwar’ in his house. All the members of his members used to worship this place. When they got the ‘letter of marriage’, they went to Sakhi Sarwar’s place in their house and bowed their heads there. They gathered the ‘Baraat’ and reached Bhai Aakal’s house in village ‘Vadde Ghar’ on the fixed date. Bhai Aakal Ji welcomed the Baraat and made suitable arrangements for them.

In those days, Baraats used to stay in bride’s village for two or three days. Saadhu’s Baraat was not an exception either. They stayed there for three days.

Meanwhile, Bhai Aakal Ji came to know that his daughter’s in-laws were not Sikhs, but ‘Sultanis’. It saddened him. However, Bhai Aakal Ji was regretful, but he could not say anything because of his relatives gathered there in his house.

Bhai Aakal Ji felt himself very helpless. He was not able to do anything. With heavy heart, he went to Bibi Soorati Ji and said, “Dear, I have come to know that your in-laws are Sultanis. We are Sikhs. After you go to your in-laws, they might ask you to worship Sakhi Sarwar. We are Sikhs and we have to follow only our Guru. If they ask you to worship Sakhi Sarwar, do not obey them”.

Bibi Soorati Ji too was sad to know that she was being married in a non-Sikh family, but it was now un-avoidable.

After the solemnization of the marriage, the ‘Baraat’ was departed and advanced towards its destination, village ‘Tuklaani’.

The marriage was performed in summer. To avoid severe hot weather, the ‘Baraat’ departed in evening. The village ‘Daroli’ was situated in the way of this ‘Baraat’. It was early morning, when the ‘Baraat’ reached in this village. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was in this village at that time.

The newly wed Bibi Soorati Ji heard the ‘Keertanis’ singing the ‘Aasa Kee Vaar’. She had visited this village for many times with her father to have the holy ‘Darshan’ of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

She said to the ‘Kahaars’ (palanquin bearers), “As you know already, I am a Sikh of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Guru Ji is here in this village. I want to have his ‘Darshan'”.

She gave some money to the ‘Kahaars’. The ‘Kahaars’ agreed to carry her ‘Doli’ near to the Gurdwara. Thus, she went to Guru Ji. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was Auspiciously seated on his throne. The ‘Keertanis’ were singing the ‘Aasa Kee Vaar’. People were sitting there listening the ‘Keertan’ devotionally.

Bibi Soorati Ji bowed her head to Guru Ji and then sat in the ‘Sangat’ (congregation). After the conclusion of the ‘Divaan’, Guru Ji saw her. She was in newly wed bride’s dress. Her husband was not with her. Therefore, Guru Ji asked her, “You have come here in the early morning. Where do you live? Where do you have to go?”

She told about her and said, “My parents are in village ‘Vadde Ghar’ and I am just married in a family, which worships ‘Sakhi Sarwar’. I am your Sikh. I am going to my in-laws. I will perhaps not be able to see your holy face again, because, I fear, they will not allow me to do so. I heard the ‘Keertan’, so I came here to have your ‘Darshan'”.

Guru Ji was pleased to hear that she was devoted to Guru’s house. Guru Ji blessed her, “I have written your new fate. You have come to the congregation. Your father is a Sikh. You too are a Sikh. Now, your husband will be my Sikh. Your son will be a devoted Sikh”.

What else did she want? The words by Guru Ji gave her a new life.

On the other hand, when her father-in-law did not find her, he asked his son Saadhu, “Where is your wife?”

Saadhu said, “She has gone to her Guru”.

Saada was angered to know that her daughter-in-law went to the Gurdwara. He shouted on his son, “Why have you allowed her to go there? Don’t you know that we worship only Sakhi Sarwar? The Sakhi Sarwar will be angry, because she went to the Gurdwara. We do not believe in Guru. Go there and bring her back here”.

Saadhu rushed to the Gurdwara. When he saw Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji’s holy face, Saadhu’s mind was changed. The Guru’s holy face filled his heart with holy feelings. Hypnotized by the Guru, he bowed his head to Guru Ji and touched his feet. Guru Ji asked him to sit near him.

Guru Ji talked to him for a while and in a result, Saadhu was ready to be changed forever.

He prayed to Guru Ji, “I want to be your Sikh. Please accept me your disciple”.

Guru Ji accepted him as his Sikh and gave him the ‘Name’. Guru Ji said, “Your son will be a great devotee”.

Saadhu was not mere ‘Saadhu’ now. He was, now, ‘Bhai Saadhu Ji’. His fate was re-written by the holy Guru. He was chosen by the Guru to be the immortal. He was to be included forever on the pages of Guru history.

Bhai Saadhu Ji went back to his ‘Baraat’ along with his wife Bibi Soorati Ji. The ‘Baraat’ reached in his village ‘Tuklaani’.

All the relatives were very happy. People were dancing. Women were singing. Because all of the family members were ‘Sultanis’, they took Bhai Saadhu Ji and his newly wed wife to Sakhi Sarwar’s place constructed in their house.

Bhai Saadhu’s father, Saada, asked them to bow their heads before Sakhi Sarwar’s place. Instead bowing his head, Bhai Saadhu kicked the Sakhi Sarwar’s place and said, “I am, now, a Sikh of my Guru. I will destroy this place”.

The relatives were stunned on this. They said to him, “Shut up. O fool, do not say Guru’s name. We are followers of Sakhi Sarwar”.

However, Bhai Saadhu Ji was not agreed. His relatives tried to threaten him, but in vain. In night, when all were sleeping, Bhai Saadhu Ji destroyed the Sakhi Sarwar’s place. Next morning, the relatives constructed in again. Again, Bhai Saadhu Ji removed it. It happened repeatedly. They used to construct it again in daytime and Bhai Saadhu Ji would destroy it in night.

As a final point, the Sakhi Sarwar’s place was removed from his house permanently. Bhai Saadhu Ji and Bibi Soorati Ji started to live life like true Sikhs.

After sometime, a lovely child was born to her. Bhai Saadhu JI and his wife went to Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji along with their newborn son.

Bhai Saadhu Ji said, “Guru Ji, by your Grace, a son is born my house. Please name the infant. Also, bless him, so that he could become your Sikh”.

Guru Ji looked at the infant. Our history books tell that the newborn was so cute and beautiful, like moon.

Guru Ji named him ‘Roop Chand’ (the moon of beauty) and said, “He will be famous by name of Bhai Roopa. He will be a true Gursikh”.

This Bhai Roop Chand Ji became very famous in Guru-history. A village was named after his name by Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji himself. Bhai Dharam Singh and Bhai Param Singh Ji, who did ‘Seva’ to Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru, were sons of Bhai Roop Chand Ji.

The ‘Royal priest’ for Royal family of Patiala State was/is appointed from this family.

Thus, the religious education given by Bhai Aakal Ji to her daughter, finally, laid foundation of a true Gursikh family.

Bhai Singha Purohit Ji

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

When Mukhlis Khan attacked the city of Sri Amritsar Sahib Ji, Guru Hargobind Sahib said to his Sikhs, “It is not right to fight within the Gurdwara complex. I have decided to fight in the battlefield”.

Thus, Guru Ji started to arrange for a face-to-face battle. It was an emergency. Guru Ji ordered to evacuate the city. All the families were ordered to leave the city. Guru’s own family was also to be shifted. Time was running very fast.

Guru Ji himself was busy in making plans for the battle. It was the first battle in the history of Sikhism. A new page of the Guru-history was to be written there.

When Guru’s family reached Sri Ramsar Sahib, it became known that Bibi Veero Ji, the daughter of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was missing. She was just a child at that time. When the family was leaving the city, she was playing with dolls and other toys. In such haste, no one could know that she did not sit on any carts, which were being used to take the family members out of the city.

Meanwhile, the Mughal Army had entered in the city. Mughal army men were roaming here and there. In such a dangerous situation, Bibi Veero Ji was all-alone there in the complex.

It was a very difficult situation. Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib thought that any reliable warrior should go there and bring Bibi Ji to Sri Ramsar Sahib safely. Guru Ji needed a person, who was a fearless warrior, reliable, and above all, known to Bibi Veero Ji. It was obvious that Bibi Ji would not go with an unknown person. In such a critical time, Guru Ji selected his ‘Purohit’ for this challenging job. This ‘Purohit’ was a great warrior. He was a mighty commander of Sikh Army. Above all, he was like a family member to Guru Ji and Bibi Veero Ji knew him very well. His name was Bhai Singha Ji. Because, he originally belonged to Brahman Purohit’s family, so some Sikh books call him ‘Singha Purohit’.

Guru Ji ordered Bhai Singha Purohit Ji, “Purohit Ji! Go to my home and bring Bibi Veero Ji safe here. Your birth on this earth will be successful. Baabak will accompany you”.

Bhai Baabak Ji was not only a great ‘Keertani’ of Guru-Darbar, but a great warrior also. As per Guru’s instructions, both the warriors disguised themselves as Mughal army men. Guru Ji gave them a gun.

The royal army in Sri Amritsar Sahib. Hundreds of Mughal armymen with all the weapons in their hands. The black night. And, two Sikh warriors on two horses and one gun with them. Following the Guru’s order, Bhai Singha Purohit Ji and Bhai Baabak Ji advanced towards Guru’s palace.

Both the brave Sikhs reached in front of Guru’s palace. Bhai Singha Purohit Ji called Bibi Veero Ji. Bibi Ji opened the window and saw Bhai Singha Ji out there. Bibi Veero Ji came out of the palace and sat behind Bhai Singha Ji on his horse.

Bhai Singha Ji said to Bhai Baabak Ji, “Let us go without any delay”.

They remembered Guru Ji and started to return. Mughal army men had already entered in the city. In the dark of the night, they were looking for Guru Ji. Among the hundreds of enemies, there were only three Sikhs in the city of Sri Amritsar Sahib, Bhai Singha Purohit Ji, Bhai Baabak Ji and Bibi Veero Ji.

A Mughal chief was on guard duty in front of ‘Darshani Deodi’ (entrance door of Sri Darbar Sahib) along with other soldiers. He had a spear in his hand. When Bhai Singha Ji and Bhai Baabak Ji reached near him, he said, “Who are you? Where are you going?”

Bhai Baabak Ji replied, “All are our brothers. Be careful. Everybody is looking for the Guru. Have you not seen the Guru yet?”

When Bhai Singha Ji ran his horse, Bibi Veero Ji’s shoe fell down. Some small bells were attached to that shoe, which jingled. Mughal chief heard this and started to shout. Bhai Singha Ji and Bhai Baabak did not waste their time and ran away on their horses. Bibi Veero Ji, as said earlier, was with Bhai Singha Ji. Mughal army men started to chase them. They were shouting, “Enemies are running. They are carrying Guru’s family. Catch them, catch them”.

Bhai Singha Ji said to Bhai Baabak Ji, “It is now time to fire”.

When Bhai Baabak Ji listened this, he fired a shot and Mughal chief was lying dead on the land of Sri Amritsar Sahib Ji.

With happy minds, both the warriors reached in front of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji and touched the holy feet of warrior Guru. Bibi Veero Ji was in her family now. Guru Ji was very pleased to both of brave Sikhs.

Bibi Veero Ji was saved. She was saved, so that she could give birth to five warriors to fight in the battle of Sri Bhangaanee, for their cousin Guru, the tenth holy King, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. She was saved by Bhai Singha Ji, whose grand-son was to fight in the battle of Sri Bhangaanee for his Guru, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Wow! Wonderful Guru history!

Well, on the other hand, battle was already start outside of the city. Sikhs were fighting bravely in the dark of night. Many Sikhs were martyred in the battlefield.

When Bhai Bhaanu Ji, a warrior Sikh, was martyred in the battlefield, Guru Ji called Bhai Singha Purohit Ji. Bhai Purohit Ji reached near Guru Ji. Guru Ji asked him to go to the battle, because other Sikh warriors were being martyred by the Mughal army men.

Brave Bhai Singha Ji bowed his head before Guru Ji and started to make arrangements for a memorable battle. He was waiting for the early morning. In the early morning, Guru Sahib Ji himself sent him to the battle. Five hundred warrior Sikhs were under the command of Bhai Purohit Ji.

Sun was not risen yet. Bhai Singha Ji gathered his ‘Jatha’ of 500 Sikh warriors. Riding on his horse’s back, Bhai Singha Ji reached in the battlefield. As soon as he reached there, guns started to shout. The enemy attacked like a full flowing river. There was great noise on both the sides.

Mohammed Ali was leading the enemy’s army. Bhai Singha Purohit Ji deployed his soldiers in trench. When he saw the enemy shouting near the holy city, Bhai Singha Ji said to his warriors, “Fire at once at these ‘Malechh’ people you are looking at. Kill all of them”.

As soon as Bhai Singha ordered to fire, Sikhs started to fire their guns. Many Mughal army men were killed in a moment.

Now, it was time to use swords, the common weapon of those days. Bhai Singha Ji advanced towards the enemy. Other Sikh warriors followed him. The limbs of the warriors were being cut into pieces.

After sometime, Bhai Singha Ji noticed that Sikhs were being killed in the battlefield. This made him very angry. According to the ‘Sri Gur Prataap Sooraj Granth’: –

Im Mare Maar Singhe Nihaar.
Lalkaar Paryo Jeh Bal Udaar.
Bal Bipra Guru Prodha Subhat.
Tab Bhayo Samukh Maare Ulat.
(Raas 6, Ansu 10, Page 2827).

Means, when he saw Sikhs being killed there, he, who had too much power, started to challenge (the enemy). Then, the powerful Brahman, who was Guru’s Purohit and a warrior, came in front of (enemy) and killed them.

Bhai Singha Ji started to shot his arrows towards enemies. Wherever he shots his arrows, they would cross the bodies of enemies. Hissing like snakes, Bhai Singha’s arrows were flying here and there. Bhai Singha Purohit Ji killed whoever came in his way.

The fight by Bhai Singha Ji created tumult in the enemy’s camp. The enemies could not face the bloodthirsty arrows of Bhai Sahib. At last, the enemies had to run away.

Mohammed Ali, the enemy’s chief, gathered his army again and thus Mughal army men again came in the battlefield. Until now, Mohammed Ali had understood that it was Bhai Singha Purohit, who was creating trouble for Mughals. In anger, he came in front of Bhai Singha Ji and started to fire his gun. Bhai Singha Ji jumped his horse for many times and thus saved himself from Mohammed Ali’s bullets.

However, Bhai Singha was a target of many guns, he continued to shot his arrows and was killing the enemies continuously. This made Mohammad Ali very mad. Now, he fired at Bhai Singha Purohit’s horse. Bhai Singha Ji’s horse was shot and Singha Ji’s fell down on land. Bhai Singha Ji was now without horse among the hundreds of horsemen enemies. Obviously, enemies were happy now.

Hundreds of Mughal horsemen surrounded Bhai Singha Ji, who was fighting all alone there. He was too alert. He continued to shot his arrows towards enemies. Whoever came near to him, Singha Ji donated him an arrow and sent him to the other world.

A single man was killing many Mughal soldiers. This made Mohammed Ali angrier. He ordered to fire at Bhai Singha Ji from all the directions. It was, now, not possible for Bhai Singha Ji to save him from bullets. He was all-alone there in the battlefield fighting against the hundreds of Mughal horsemen. Some bullets injured him. Even then, Bhai Singha Purohit Ji continued to transfer enemies to the other world.

However, Mohammed Ali did not hesitate to kill the horse of Bhai Singha Ji, but Bhai Singha Ji did not kill Ali’s horse. This is a good point to understand the character of this brave warrior of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

Mohammed Ali was jumping his horse here and there. Sometime he would shout on his soldiers, sometime he would fire on Bhai Singha Ji. Absentmindedly Mohammed Ali came near to Bhai Singha Ji. It was a good chance for badly injured Bhai Singha Ji. Bhai Singha Ji was not there to miss such a chance. He shot an arrow, which struck into Mohammed Ali’s forehead. The gun fell down from Ali’s hand. Now, Bhai Singha shot another arrow, which gave salvation to Mohammed Ali. Ali died there and his horse ran away.

Bhai Singha Purohit Ji shot all of his arrows. Now he was without arrows. The enemies forwarded towards Bhai Ji and fired at once. Bhai Ji fell down. Even then, enemy’s soldiers continued to attack him using swords. His limbs were cut to small pieces. According to ‘Sri Gur Prataap Sooraj Granth’: –

‘Huye Khand-Khand Mil Gayo Khet’.
(Raas 6, Ansu 11, page 2828).

Cut to small pieces, he was intermixed into the earth.

Thus, a wonderful warrior received a wonderful death. His martyrdom in the battlefield caused Guru Ji’s participation in the battle. When Guru Ji heard that Bhai Singha Purohit Ji had been martyred, he himself came in the battlefield and won the battle.

Bhai Singha Purohit Ji fought in favor of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. The time will write another beautiful episode of great Guru history, when grandson of Bhai Singha Purohit Ji will fight in favor of grandson of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Yes, Amritsar to Bhangaanee, the journey is not too long.

—–

Sources: ‘Sri Gur Pratap Sooraj Granth’, ‘Gur Bilas Patshahi 6’, ‘Brahman Sikh Itihas’, ‘Twaareekh Guru Khalsa’, ‘Mahan Kosh’.

Bhai Jaita Ji and Bhai Singaru Ji

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

Bhai Singaru (pronounce ‘Singaaroo’) Ji and Bhai Jaita Ji were fearless great warriors. They were Sikhs of the fifth Guru, Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji.

They used to visit Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji. Once Sri Guru Ji said to both of them, �I will use weapons, when I transform myself into the sixth Guru. It is time of Kaliyuga. I will fight against enemies and punish them using weapons in battles�.

Guru Ji said further, �I will take care of my Sikhs. They will enjoy worldly pleasures in this world and will achieve salvation when they die�.

Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji ordered Bhai Jaita Ji and Bhai Singaru Ji to stay with the next Guru, Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji and said, �Join Guru Hargobind and fight the tyrants”.

Both the warriors obeyed Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji and started to live with Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, who was appointed the sixth Guru by Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji. Bhai Singaru Ji and Bhai Jaita Ji continued to practice their Shastrastra Vidya.

Many years after the martyrdom of Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji, his son and the sixth Guru, Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib fought four battles against the rulers, who attacked him on different places. Being trusted men and fearless warriors, Bhai Jaita Ji and Bhai Singaru took part in battles and fought for their Guru, Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, who won all the battles.