Tag Archives: Gurdwara

ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਬਾਰੇ ਕੁੱਝ ਵੀਚਾਰ

(ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਪਾਲ ਸਿੰਘ ‘ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ’)

ਸੰਸਾਰ ਭਰ ਦੇ ਬਹੁਤ ਸਾਰੇ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਇਹ ਸਿਸਟਮ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਚਲਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧਕ ਕਮੇਟੀ ਦੀ ਚੋਣ ਵੋਟਰਾਂ ਰਾਹੀਂ ਕੀਤੀ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਹੈ । ਡੈਮੋਕਰੇਸੀ ਦੇ ਇਸ ਯੁੱਗ ਵਿੱਚ, ਲੋਕ ਤੰਤਰ ਦੇ ਇਸ ਯੁੱਗ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਜਿਹਾ ਕਰਨਾ ਠੀਕ ਜਾਪਦਾ ਹੈ । ਇਸ ਵਿੱਚ ਕੁੱਝ ਗ਼ਲਤ ਵੀ ਨਹੀਂ, ਜੇ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਦੇ ਜਾਣੂ ਤੇ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਦੇ ਧਾਰਨੀ ਵੋਟਰ ਵੋਟਾਂ ਰਾਹੀਂ ਸੁਚੱਜੇ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧਕਾਂ ਦੀ ਚੋਣ ਕਰ ਲੈਣ । ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ ਵਿੱਚ ਇਸ ਸਿਸਟਮ ਦੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਕੋਈ ਖ਼ਰਾਬੀ ਨਹੀਂ ਦਿੱਖਦੀ ।

ਸਮੱਸਿਆ ਉਦੋਂ ਪੈਦਾ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ, ਜਦੋਂ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਦਾ ਇਹ ਸਿਸਟਮ ਭ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਦੇ ਹੱਥ-ਕੰਡਿਆਂ ਦਾ ਸ਼ਿਕਾਰ ਹੋ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ । ਉਹ ਲੋਕ, ਜੋ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਦੇ ਜਾਣੂ ਨਹੀਂ ਤੇ ਜੋ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਦੇ ਧਾਰਨੀ ਨਹੀਂ, ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਲਈ ਵੋਟਰ ਬਣਾ ਦਿੱਤੇ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਹਨ । ਉਹ ਲੋਕ, ਜੋ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਦੇ ਧਾਰਨੀ ਨਹੀਂ, ਉਹ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਹੋ ਬੈਠਦੇ ਹਨ । ਵੋਟਰ ਜਿਸ ਨੂੰ ਵੀ ਵੋਟਾਂ ਪਾਉਣਗੇ, ਜਿਸ ਦੇ ਵੀ ਹੱਕ ਵਿੱਚ ਫ਼ੈਸਲਾ ਕਰਨਗੇ, ਉਹ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਹੋ ਜਾਏਗਾ । ਦੇਖਣ ਵਿੱਚ ਆਇਆ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਅਯੋਗ ਵਿਅਕਤੀਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਵੋਟਰ ਬਣਾ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਗਿਆ, ਤਾਂਕਿ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਦੀਆਂ ਵੋਟਾਂ ਦਾ ਫ਼ਾਇਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾ ਸਕੇ । ਵੋਟਰਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਪ੍ਰਭਾਵਿਤ ਕਰਨ ਵਾਸਤੇ ਸ਼ਰਾਬ ਤਕ ਦੀ ਵੀ ਵਰਤੋਂ ਕੀਤੀ ਗਈ । ਇਹ ਸਭ ਕਾਰਵਾਈਆਂ ਮਨਮਤਿ ਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ । ਡੈਮੋਕਰੇਸੀ ਦੇ ਇਸ ਸਿਸਟਮ ਨੂੰ ਭ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਦੁਆਰਾ ਦੂਸ਼ਿਤ ਕਰ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਗਿਆ । ਇਸ ਨਾਲ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਕੋਈ ਧਾਰਮਿਕ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਨਾ ਹੋ ਕੇ ਰਾਜਨੀਤਿਕ ਸੰਸਥਾ ਦਾ ਰੂਪ ਧਾਰਣ ਕਰ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ ।

ਗੱਲ ਸਿਰਫ਼ ਭ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟ ਡੈਮੋਕਰੈਟਿਕ ਸਿਸਟਮ ਤੱਕ ਹੀ ਸੀਮਿਤ ਨਹੀਂ, ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਹੋਣ ਵਾਸਤੇ ਹਿੰਸਾ ਦਾ ਵੀ ਸਹਾਰਾ ਲਿਆ ਗਿਆ । ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਹੋਣ ਲਈ ਚਾਕੂ-ਛੁਰੀਆਂ ਚੱਲੀਆਂ, ਡਾਂਗਾਂ ਚੱਲੀਆਂ, ਗੋਲੀਆਂ ਚੱਲੀਆਂ । ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਦੇ ਬਾਹਰ ਅਤੇ ਅੰਦਰ ਹੋਈ ਹਿੰਸਾ ‘ਤੇ ਕਾਬੂ ਕਰਨ ਵਾਸਤੇ ਪੁਲਿਸ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰੇ ਦੇ ਅੰਦਰ ਪ੍ਰਵੇਸ਼ ਕਰਨਾ ਪਿਆ । ਜ਼ਾਹਿਰ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਅਜਿਹਾ ਕੁੱਝ ਹੋਣ ਨਾਲ ਆਮ ਸਿੱਖ ਸੰਗਤ ਨੂੰ ਸ਼ਰਮਿੰਦਗੀ ਦਾ ਸਾਹਮਣਾ ਕਰਨਾ ਪਿਆ । ਇਸ ਨਾਲ ਹੋਰਨਾਂ ਫ਼ਿਰਕਿਆਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਸਿੱਖਾਂ ਦੀ ਬਦਨਾਮੀ ਹੋਈ ਹੈ ।

ਭ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟ ਵੋਟਿੰਗ ਸਿਸਟਮ ਤੇ ਹਿੰਸਾ ਦਾ ਸਹਾਰਾ ਲੈਣ ਤੋਂ ਇਲਾਵਾ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਹੋਣ ਲਈ ਸਰਕਾਰੀ ਸਹਾਇਤਾ ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤ ਕਰਨ ਦਾ ਯਤਨ ਵੀ ਕਈ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਨੇ ਕੀਤਾ ਤੇ ਕਈ ਇਸ ਵਿੱਚ ਸਫਲ ਵੀ ਹੋਏ । ਉਹ ਸਥਾਨਕ ਸੰਗਤਾਂ ਪ੍ਰਸੰਸ਼ਾਯੋਗ ਹਨ, ਜਿਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੇ ਸੁਚੱਜੇ ਢੰਗ ਨਾਲ ਚੱਲ ਕੇ ਅੱਛੇ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧਕਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਸੌਂਪਿਆ । ਜਿੱਥੇ ਗ਼ਲਤ ਲੋਕ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਹੋਏ, ਉੱਥੇ ਸਿੱਖ ਸੰਗਤ ਨੂੰ ਪ੍ਰੇਸ਼ਾਨੀਆਂ ਹੀ ਪ੍ਰੇਸ਼ਾਨੀਆਂ ਮਿਲੀਆਂ ਹਨ । ਜਦੋਂ ਗ਼ਲਤ ਲੋਕ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਹੋਏ, ਤਾਂ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੇ ਆਪ-ਹੁਦਰੀਆਂ ਕਾਰਵਾਈਆਂ ਕਰਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਕੋਈ ਕਸਰ ਨਹੀਂ ਛੱਡੀ । ਅਜਿਹੇ ਲੋਕ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਦੇ ਅੰਦਰ ਵੀ ਤੇ ਬਾਹਰ ਵੀ ਬੁਰਛਾਗਰਦੀ ਕਰਦੇ ਹੀ ਰਹੇ ਹਨ । ਸਿੱਖ ਸੰਗਤ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰੇ ਦੇ ਅੰਦਰ ਪ੍ਰਵੇਸ਼ ਕਰਨ ਤੋਂ ਰੋਕਿਆ ਗਿਆ । ਐਸੀਆਂ ਕਈ ਘਟਨਾਵਾਂ ਹੋਈਆਂ ਹਨ । ਮਨਮਤੀਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਦੀਆਂ ਸਟੇਜਾਂ ਤੋਂ ਬੋਲਣ ਦਾ ਮੌਕਾ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਗਿਆ ਤੇ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰਚਾਰਕਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਬੋਲਣ ਤੋਂ ਰੋਕਿਆ ਗਿਆ । ਅਜਿਹਾ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਹੋਇਆ, ਜਿੱਥੇ ਭ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟ ਲੋਕ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਹੋ ਗਏ ।

ਐਸਾ ਨਹੀਂ ਕਿ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਭ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਦਾ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਸਿਰਫ਼ ਸਾਡੇ ਹੀ ਸਮੇਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਹੋਇਆ ਹੋਵੇ । ਬ੍ਰਿਟਿਸ਼ ਹਕੂਮਤ ਦਾ ਜਦੋਂ ਪੰਜਾਬ ਵਿੱਚ ਰਾਜ ਸੀ, ਉਦੋਂ ਕਈ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਉੱਤੇ ਭ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟ ਮਹੰਤਾਂ ਦਾ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਸੀ । ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਨਨਕਾਣਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਉੱਤੇ ਮਹੰਤ ਨਾਰਾਇਣਦਾਸ ਦਾ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਸੀ, ਜੋ ਕਈ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਰ ਦੀਆਂ ਮਨਮਤੀ ਕਾਰਵਾਈਆਂ ਕਰਦਾ ਸੀ । ਜਿਵੇਂ ਅੱਜਕੱਲ੍ਹ ਦੇ ਕਈ ਮਨਮਤੀ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧਕ ਸਿੱਖਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਰਦਆਰੇ ਦੇ ਅੰਦਰ ਪ੍ਰਵੇਸ਼ ਕਰਨ ਤੋਂ ਰੋਕਦੇ ਹਨ, ਮਹੰਤ ਨਾਰਾਇਣਦਾਸ ਨੇ ਵੀ ਇਸ ਤਰ੍ਹਾਂ ਕੀਤਾ । ਸੈਂਕੜੇ ਸਿੱਖਾਂ ਨੇ ਜਦੋਂ ਨਨਕਾਣਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਦੇ ਦਰਸ਼ਨ ਕਰਨ ਦਾ ਯਤਨ ਕੀਤਾ, ਤਾਂ ਮਹੰਤ ਨਾਰਾਇਣਦਾਸ ਦੇ ਇਸ਼ਾਰੇ ਉੱਤੇ ਅਨੇਕ ਸਿੱਖਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਵੀ ਕਰ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਗਿਆ । ਭਾਈ ਲਛਮਣ ਸਿੰਘ ਨੂੰ ਜੰਡ ਦੇ ਦਰੱਖਤ ਨਾਲ ਲਟਕਾ ਕੇ ਜ਼ਿੰਦਾ ਜਲਾ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਗਿਆ । ਅਠਾਰ੍ਹਵੀਂ ਸਦੀ ਦੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਹਰਿਮੰਦਿਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਸਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਉੱਤੇ ਮੱਸਾ ਰੰਘੜ ਨੇ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਕਰ ਲਿਆ ਸੀ । ਸਿੱਖਾਂ ਦਾ ਉੱਥੇ ਪ੍ਰਵੇਸ਼ ਕਰਨਾ ਵਰਜਿਤ ਹੋ ਗਿਆ ਸੀ ।

ਇੰਨਾ ਹੀ ਨਹੀਂ ਕਿ ਸਿੱਖਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਪ੍ਰਵੇਸ਼ ਕਰਨ ਤੋਂ ਰੋਕਿਆ ਗਿਆ, ਬਲਕਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਸਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਦੇ ਉਸ ਵਕਤ ਦੇ ਪੁਜਾਰੀਆਂ ਨੇ ਨੌਵੇਂ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ, ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਤੇਗ਼ ਬਹਾਦੁਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਜੀ ਨੂੰ ਵੀ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਦਰਬਾਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਦੇ ਅੰਦਰ ਨਹੀਂ ਜਾਣ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਸੀ । ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਤੇਗ਼ ਬਹਾਦੁਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਜਦੋਂ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਦੇ ਦਰਸ਼ਨਾਂ ਵਾਸਤੇ ਗਏ, ਤਾਂ ਉੱਥੋਂ ਦੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਪੁਜਾਰੀਆਂ ਨੇ ਦਰਵਾਜ਼ੇ ਬੰਦ ਕਰ ਦਿੱਤੇ ਸਨ । ਗੁਰੂ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਨੂੰ ਬਿਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਦਰਸ਼ਨ ਕੀਤੇ ਹੀ ਉੱਥੋਂ ਜਾਣਾ ਪਿਆ ।

ਮੈਂ ਜੋ ਇਹ ਤਿੰਨ ਉਦਾਹਰਣਾਂ ਦਿੱਤੀਆਂ ਹਨ, ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਸਮਾਨਤਾਵਾਂ ਹਨ । ਸ੍ਰੀ ਨਨਕਾਣਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ ‘ਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਮਹੰਤ ਨਾਰਾਇਣਦਾਸ, ਦਰਬਾਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ‘ਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਮੱਸਾ ਰੰਘੜ, ਤੇ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਦਰਬਾਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਉੱਤੇ ਹੀ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਉਹ ਪੁਜਾਰੀ ਧਰਮ ਤੋਂ ਗਿਰੇ ਹੋਏ ਲੋਕ ਸਨ । ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਦਾ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਸੀ, ਤਾਂ ਇਸ ਦਾ ਇਹ ਭਾਵ ਨਹੀਂ ਸੀ ਕਿ ਉਹ ਠੀਕ ਸਨ ਜਾਂ ਉਹ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਦੇ ਧਾਰਨੀ ਸਨ ਜਾਂ ਉਹ ਧਾਰਮਿਕ ਸਨ । ਇਸ ਦਾ ਇਹ ਮਤਲਬ ਵੀ ਨਹੀਂ ਸੀ ਕਿ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਆਮ ਸਿੱਖ ਸੰਗਤ ਦੀ ਸਹਿਮਤੀ ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤ ਸੀ । ਇਸ ਤੋਂ ਇਲਾਵਾ ਇੱਕ ਗੱਲ ਹੋਰ । ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਦਾ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਿਆਂ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਹਮੇਸ਼ਾ ਵਾਸਤੇ ਰਿਹਾ ਵੀ ਨਹੀਂ । ਅਖ਼ੀਰ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਛੱਡਣਾ ਹੀ ਪਿਆ । ਮੱਸਾ ਰੰਘੜ ਨੂੰ ਤਾਂ ਮਰਨਾ ਪਿਆ । ਭਾਈ ਸੁੱਖਾ ਸਿੰਘ ਤੇ ਭਾਈ ਮਹਿਤਾਬ ਸਿੰਘ ਨੇ ਦਰਬਾਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਜਾ ਕੇ ਮੱਸਾ ਰੰਘੜ ਦਾ ਸਿਰ ਵੱਢ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਸੀ । ਆਜ਼ਾਦ ਭਾਰਤ ਦੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਵੀ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਪਾਉਂਟਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਉੱਤੇ ਮਹੰਤ ਦਾ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਸੀ । ਇੱਕ ਸੰਘਰਸ਼ ਤੋਂ ਬਾਅਦ ਸਿੱਖ ਸੰਗਤ ਨੇ ਮਹੰਤ ਦਾ ਉਹ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਛੱਡਵਾਇਆ । ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਹੁਣ ਸਿੱਖ ਸੰਗਤ ਕੋਲ ਹੈ ।

ਕਹਿਣ ਦਾ ਭਾਵ ਇਹ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਜੇ ਕਿਸੇ ਦਾ ਕਿਸੇ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰੇ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਹੈ, ਤਾਂ ਇਸ ਦਾ ਇਹ ਭਾਵ ਨਹੀਂ ਕਿ ਉਹ ਧਾਰਮਿਕ ਹਨ । ਇਸ ਦਾ ਇਹ ਭਾਵ ਨਹੀਂ ਕਿ ਉਹ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਦੇ ਧਾਰਨੀ ਹਨ । ਇਸ ਦਾ ਇਹ ਭਾਵ ਨਹੀਂ ਕਿ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਦੇ ਵਿਸ਼ਿਆ ਦੀ ਪੂਰੀ ਜਾਣਕਾਰੀ ਹੈ । ਜੇ ਕੋਈ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਹੈ, ਤਾਂ ਹੋ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਉਸ ਦਾ ਉਹ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਕਿਸੇ ਭ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟ ਤਰੀਕੇ ਨੂੰ ਵਰਤ ਕੇ ਹੋਇਆ ਹੋਵੇ । ਜੇ ਕੋਈ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰੇ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਉੱਤੇ ਕਾਬਜ਼ ਹੋ ਕੇ ਮਨਮਤੀ ਕਾਰਵਾਈਆਂ ਕਰ ਰਿਹਾ ਹੈ, ਤਾਂ ਉਹ ਇਹ ਵੀ ਨਾ ਸਮਝੇ ਕਿ ਉਸ ਦਾ ਇਹ ਕਬਜ਼ਾ ਹਮੇਸ਼ਾ ਵਾਸਤੇ ਰਹੇਗਾ । ਉਹ ਇਹ ਵੀ ਨਾ ਸਮਝੇ ਕਿ ਆਮ ਸਿੱਖ ਸੰਗਤ ਉਸ ਨੂੰ ਪ੍ਰਵਾਨਗੀ ਦੇ ਰਹੀ ਹੈ । ਉਹ ਇਹ ਵੀ ਨਾ ਸਮਝੇ ਕਿ ਉਹ ਆਮ ਸਿੱਖ ਸੰਗਤ ਨੂੰ ਜ਼ਿਆਦਾ ਦੇਰ ਤਕ ਧੋਖੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਰੱਖ ਸਕੇਗਾ ।

ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧਕ ਬਣਨ ਨਾਲ ਗੁਰੂ ਦੀ ਤੇ ਗੁਰੂ ਦੀ ਸੰਗਤ ਦੀ ਸੇਵਾ ਕਰਨ ਦਾ ਬਹੁਤ ਵੱਡਾ ਮੌਕਾ ਮਿਲਦਾ ਹੈ । ਮੈਂ ਸਮਝਦਾ ਹਾਂ ਕਿ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧਕ ਸੰਗਤ ਦੀ ਉਹ ਸੇਵਾ ਕਰ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ, ਜੋ ਹੋਰ ਲੋਕ ਸ਼ਾਇਦ ਨਾ ਕਰ ਸਕਦੇ ਹੋਣ । ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧਕਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਸੇਵਾ ਕਰਨ ਦੇ ਮਿਲੇ ਹੋਏ ਇਸ ਮੌਕੇ ਨੂੰ ਐਂਵੇਂ ਅਜਾਂਈਂ ਨਾ ਗੁਆ ਦੇਣ । ਸੁਭਾਗੇ ਹਨ ਉਹ ਜੀਵ, ਜੋ ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਦੀ ਸੇਵਾ ਨੂੰ ਬਹੁਤ ਸੁਚੱਜੇ ਢੰਗ ਨਾਲ ਨਿਭਾਉਂਦੇ ਹਨ ।

Gurpurb Celebrated in Fort of Raipur Rani

The ‘Prakash Purb’ (birth anniversary) of the tenth Guru, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji was celebrated with religious zeal and devotion in Gurdwara Patshahi 10, historic fort of Raipur Rani in Haryana state of India on January 5, 2009.

Devotees tasting Guru Ka Langar in Gurdwara Patshahi 10, Raipur Rani

Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji himself visited this place after winning the battle of Bhangani in 1688.

Devotees started to visit the historic Gurdwara Sahib in early morning. Present ‘Rao’, the descendant of the queen of Raipur Rani visited the Gurdwara Sahib on this occasion and bowed his head respectfully to the ‘Tharha Sahib’ (where Guru Gobind Singh once sat down) and Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Members of Team Amrit World felt honoured to take part in Gurpurb celebrations.

The ‘Bhog’ of ‘Sri Sahaj Path’ of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji was performed by S. Raghbir Singh (The Chandigarh State Co-operative Bank).

During his address to the ‘Sangat’, Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’ (www.AmritWorld.com) appealed the ‘Sangat’ to keep the historic place unchanged. He appealed the ‘Sangat’ and the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee to locate the historic weapons and ‘Pothis’ belonged to Gurus, which are now lost. A sword and a ‘Pothi’ were given to the queen by Guru Gobind Singh Ji, which are now lost.

Amrit Pal Singh Amrit of AmritWorld.com addressing the congregation at Gurdwara patshahi 10, Raipur Rani

The ‘Ardas’ (prayer) was performed by Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’. He then also read out the ‘Hukamnama’ of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji.

Hundreds of devotees visited the historic Gurdwara Sahib on the day of Gurpurb. Many Hindu families paid respect to Guru Sahib during the Gurpurb celebrations. Local Sikhs made very good arrangements for ‘Guru Ka Langar’ (community kitchen, where free food is served).

Gurdwara Sri Dashmesh Asthan, Nahan

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

(See more pictures of Gurdwara Sri Dashmesh Asthan, Nahan)

On invitation by King Medini Prakash of Sirmaur state, Sri Guru Gobind Rai Sahib Ji, the 10th Guru, reached Nahan, the then capital city of Sirmaur state on 17 Vaisakh in Samvat 1742 Bikrami (1685). Guru Ji reached there with all of his family members and lots of Sikhs.

At an altitude of 9,32m, Nahan is a well-laid out picturesque city, situated on an isolated ridge in the Shiwalik hills. Presently it is the district head quarters.

A view of Nahan city from about 10 kilometers. Picture by Amrit Pal Singh Amrit
A view of Nahan city from about 10 kilometers

The place, where Guru Ji lived during his stay in Nahan city is not far from fort of Nahan, the residence of King Medini Prakash. A Gurdwara Sahib, Gurdwara Sri Dashmesh Asthan Patshahi 10, has been built on that place. Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji is installed exactly on the place, where King of Kings, Sri Guru Gobind Rai Sahib used to sit on his throne.

The ladies of Guru Ji’s family stayed inside fortress of King Medini Prakash.

King Medini Prakash built a ‘Borha’ (small well) to fulfill water requirement of Guru Ji’s camp. This historic ‘Borha’ still exists.

Gurdwara Sri Dashmesh Asthan, Patshahi 10, Nahan, Himachal Pradesh. Picture by Amrit Pal Singh Amrit
Gurdwara Sri Dashmesh Asthan, Patshahi 10, Nahan

According to local tradition, Guru Ji stayed in Nahan for more than 8 months. King Medini Prakash requested Guru Ji to found a new city in his Sirmaur Kingdom. Guru Ji accepted his request and founded a city, which is now known as Paunta Sahib (in present Himachal Pradesh).

A fortress was built in Paunta Sahib and then Guru Ji shifted to Paunta Sahib. King Medini Prakash used to visit Paunta Sahib to meet Guru Ji.

Sri Nagar (Garhwal) was a neighboring state of Sirmaur state. The king of Garhwal was Fateh Shah. Fateh Shah had occupied a few villages of Sirmaur state. Guru Ji mediated and the dispute between King Medini Prakash and King Fateh Shah was solved.

King Medini Prakash and King Fateh Shah would go to hunting with Guru Ji. One day, Guru Ji killed a big lion with a single blow of his sword. King Medini Prakash saw this with his own eyes. He was very much impressed with Guru Ji’s skill of hunting. (Gurdwara Shergah Sahib is built where Guru Ji killed the lion. It is about 4 kilometers away from Paunta Sahib).

King Medini Prakash requested Guru Ji to give the sword, which was used to kill lion, to him as a memento. Guru Ji happily gave his sword to King. This holy sword of Guru Gobind Rai Sahib Ji is now preserved in city of Jaipur (Rajasthan) by Ms Padmini, present scion of Sirmaur state.

Gurdwara Sri Dashmesh Asthan Patshahi 10 is the only Gurdwara in Nahan city. Sikh population is very small in the city, but they regularly visit Gurdwara Sahib and do every kind of ‘Seva’ (service) to the Gurdwara Sahib. A few small and local Sikh organizations exist in Nahan. All major Gurpurbs are celebrated at Gurdwara Sri Dashmesh Asthan Patshahi 10, Nahan with love and devotion.

I have visited Nahan city for so many times. The last time I visited Nahan was in first week of December, 2008 during one of my Research Tours. A new ‘Diwan’ hall was being constructed at that time. Gurpreet Singh Sandy, a member of Team Amrit World, joined me during my research tour.

How to reach: Nahan is a famous city in Himachal Pradesh, India. It is connected to Paunta Sahib and Kala Amb by roads. Bus service is easily available. Nahan is only 16 Kilometers far from Kala Amb. The distance between Paonta Sahib and Nahan is 42 Kilometers.

From Dehradun: Dehradun => Paonta Sahib => Nahan
From Chandigarh: Chandigarh => Narayangarh => Kala Amb => Nahan.

(See more pictures of Gurdwara Sri Dashmesh Asthan, Nahan)

Where The Lion Roared

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

(See Pictures Where The Lion Roared).

He was born in Kashmir and spent his early days there living joyfully. Then, a day came when he denounced world and became an ascetic. Soon after, he moved to Punjab. He spent his time in various places in India, like Haridwar, Haripur and Burhanpur etc.

During different times, he became disciple of Janaki Das and Mahatma Ramdas. It was like a turning point in his life when well-known Yogi Augharhnath accepted him his disciple. As a chosen disciple of Yogi Augharhnath, he became an expert of Tantra Vidya. He was considered a person having many magical powers.

As if his search was not over, he advanced towards the South. At Burhanpur, he became disciple of famous ‘Siddh’, named ‘Looneeya’.

He then reached the old city of Nanded in present Maharashtra state of India and founded his monastery here on bank of river Godavari. Until now, he had established himself as a great Tantric Yogi. He was now famous as Madho Das Bairagi. Madho Das Bairagi.

As if some emptiness deep inside him was disturbing him, he was still searching for a Guru, a true Guru.

As fortune was with him this time, he did not necessitate going anywhere to discover the true Guru. The true Guru himself was to come to him.

On the day of Sun eclipse, when Swami Madho Das Bairagi returned to his monastery, he saw a person looking like a King sitting on his (Madho’s) bed. It did not take too much time for him to realize that the person was not a King, but the King of Kings.

The King of Kings, the treasurer of the God Almighty, the true Guru was there to bless Madho Das Bairagi. After their historic conversation, the true Guru decided to accept Madho Das his disciple. Madho Das Bairagi’s search for true Guru was now completed very fruitfully.

The next day, the true Guru initiated Madho Das by ‘Khande Kee Pahul’. Madho Das was now ‘Banda’ (slave) of the true Guru. If truth be told, Madho Das had now died. He was reborn as ‘Banda Singh’. The true Guru gave him the title of ‘Bahadur’ (brave). He was going to be remembered as ‘Baba Banda Singh Bahadur’.

Hard to believe his deeds are well-documented on pages of history. It is not practicable to illustrate him in an article or even in a whole book, nor do I intend to. Instead, I merely want to share information on a place, where once he, the lion roared…

He, Baba Banda Singh the brave, captured fort of Mukhlisgarh, situated in the lower Shiwalik Hills. The fort stood atop a hill top. Baba Banda Singh, the brave got Mukhlisgarh fort repaired and renamed it as Lohgarh, the Fort of Iron. The history considers this Lohgarh the Capital of first Khalsa State. The entire treasury acquired in his expeditions was deposited here in Lohgarh Sahib. The coins in the name of Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh were minted and issued from here.

As a ruler, the lion roared here. Roar of the lion was a warning to tyrants. Roar of the lion was a message that a ‘Singh’ of ‘Nirbhau’ (fearless) Guru is always ‘Nirbhau’. He was free from fear of death. After tasting the ‘Amrit’ (nectar), he had become an immortal.

Till today, history sings the glorious deeds of Baba Banda Singh the brave. He punished Usman Khan. He punished Wazir Khan. He established the Khalsa Raj.

He was brave in battles. He was brave when executed in Delhi. Famous Indian poet Rabindra Nath Tagore describes martyrdom of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur in his poem ‘Banda Bir’. The following translation of a few lines of this poem is worth reading:

“In the arms of Banda the Brave, the Qazi flung his little babe, tender and innocent was the babe. He ordered Banda to kill his own child. Silently Banda looked at the child. Passionately he embraced the Child. Lovingly he blessed the child, tenderly he kissed the babe, looking fixedly at his face, then in his ear he softly whispered,

‘Say, ‘Glory unto the Guru my little one,

Fear not death my son,

Inspired by these words,

The child’s face was aglow with fearlessness,

With tender but shrill speech,

He shouted loudly;

Guru Ki Jai,

Kichchu nahi bhai,

Hail to thee, Guru hail to thee,

From fear of death I am free,

With his eyes beaming with mighty courage,

He looked at his father’s face,

On his left side struck deep the knife,

“Glory unto the Guru” shouted the child,

As he breathed his last breath,

On the earth he fell dead’

How is Lohgarh now? Does it still exist? Is there any monument built in memory of Baba Banda Singh the brave? Do Sikhs who raise slogans of ‘Raj Karega Khalsa’ (Khalsa shall rule) often visit this place to pay respect for those who established the Khalsa Rule in reality?

To kiss the land where the lion roared, I started my journey with Gurpreet Singh ‘Malhi’, Yadwinder Singh and Sarjit Singh (all Team Amrit World members) in Gurpreet Singh’s car. We crossed the historic city of Kapalmochan and advanced towards lower Shiwalik hills. I was thinking why Baba Banda Singh the brave chose this place for his capital. It is a backward area.

As we left the main road, I was expecting a broken small road going through villages. I was mistaken here. Actually, there was no road. We found ourselves in a river bed. Water rarely flows through this seasonal river, that too during rainy days.

It was a different experience. We were traveling through a river. No road, no population, no sign of any development. What was Baba Banda Singh the brave was doing here? I was now more anxious.

After a few moments, I asked Gurpreet Singh to stop the car. We came out. It was absolutely calm place. No population at all.

I realised that it was perfectly a suitable place for Baba Banda Singh Bahadur. He must have known that the number of his actual soldiers was very small. He must have thought to establish his capital away from the then royal highway. Lohgarh was not only away from highway, but it was difficult to attack it as well. As we know the character of Baba Banda Singh the brave, he did not want to create troubles for civilians. If an army attacks Lohgarh Sahib, there would be almost no trouble for civilians because this area was not densely populated.

We were roughly one kilometer away from Lohgarh Sahib.

We again started our journey to Lohgarh Sahib in the car. I raised the slogan of ‘Bole So Nihal’ the instant we reached Gurdwara Quila Lohgarh Sahib of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji. Gurpreet Singh Malhi, Yadwinder Singh and Sarjit Singh replied in ‘Sat Sri Akal’.

Gurdwara Sahib is under management of Nihangs of Budhha Dal. Two Nihangs were there in Gurdwara Sahib. They were so happy to see us.

As I came out of our vehicle, I just kept watching these Nihangs. They are here. They are here to look after a Gurdwara Sahib which is built in memory of our great warrior Baba Banda Singh the brave. We are thankless. We earlier never thought to pay a visit to the very place where the coin was issued in the name of my Guru. We are thankless. We are thankless that we have forgotten him who took revenge of martyrdom of Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib, Mother Gujri Ji, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji. We daily shout ‘Raj Karega Khalsa’, but never remembered him who actually established the Khalsa Raj. These Nihangs are great. They have kept the memory of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur alive. We are thankless.

What have we brought to present to these Nihangs? Nothing. I was feeling at fault.

Nihangs were so happy. They were so happy to see ‘Sangat’ visiting Gurdwara Sahib. Loudly, we shared Fateh, “Waheguru Ji ka Khalsa. Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh.”

We entered Gurdwara Sahib. After performing prayer, I read out the ‘Hukamnama’ of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Then, we sat silently in front of our Guru, Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Maharaj.

I was not the only one who was feeling guilty. Gurpreet Singh Malhi was having the same feeling. I saw him. He was sitting silently.

I asked him, “What have we brought for these Nihangs?” In point of fact, I was saying that we are thankless.

He remained silent for a few moments. Then he said, “We will come back very soon”.

We decided to come back as early as possible. I suggested to present new dresses for these Nihangs. Gurpreet Singh was agreed to my idea.

One of these Nihangs took the job to show us important points of Fort Lohgarh Sahib. First we visited the historic ‘Kool’. This ‘kool’ was one of sources of water for Lohgarh.

Then, we started climbing hills. The historic fort of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur was stood atop a hill top. While climbing the hill, it seemed there would be no sign of old fort of Lohgarh Sahib. However, when we reached the hill top, the ruins of historic fort of Lohgarh of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur were clearly visible. As soon as I saw two Nishan Sahiban (One is saffron and other blue) on this hill top, I raised slogan in delight, “Bole So Nihaaaaaaal”. Everyone replied, “Sat Sri Akaaaaaal”. Yes, we had reached the historic fort of Lohgarh Sahib of Baba Banda Singh the brave.

Presently, one can find four watch towers of old fort. These watch towers are situated on different hill tops. ‘Nishan Sahiban’ (Khalsa flags) are there on every watch tower. We were on first tower which was situated on a lower hill.

Well, he, the lion once lived here in this fort. He must have visited these watch towers for many times.

Slowly, we advanced towards a historic trench on this watch tower. As soon as we saw the trench, we automatically started raising slogans, “Raaj Karega Khalsa” (Khalsa Shall Rule). Stones are still there. No one moved them until now.

From here, one can keep watch on every person coming towards Lohgarh Sahib from plains. This was an ideal place for watch keepers and soldiers.

I sat in this trench and felt delighted. Many Khalsa warriors sat here during the rule of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji. Mogul King Bahadur Shah sent his army to besiege the fort of Lohgarh Sahib. Khalsa army men fought here for one month under Baba Banda Singh the brave. At last they disappeared towards upper hills of Nahan. Mogul army could not find them.

Sun saluted Lohgarh and moved towards other side of the globe. We came back to Gurdwara Sahib. After taking some rest, we came back to our homes.

After a few days, we again went to Lohgarh Sahib. This time, Gupreet Singh Malhi, Gurpeet Singh Raju, Harpreet Singh, Jatinder Singh JD, Rachhpal Singh and Bhupinder Singh Monu joined me.

First, we visited Gurdwara Quila Lohgarh Sahib. Head Granthi Singh of the Gurdwara Sahib performed prayer for us. Then, I read out the holy ‘Hukamnama’ of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Maharaj. We then presented dresses to Nihangs who are serving this Gurdwara Sahib.

During this visit, we climbed another hill-top where another watch tower of old fort of Lohgarh Sahib was situated. This hill-top is higher than the first one.

Two Nishan Sahiban (Sikh flags) on top of this hill remind us Baba Banda Singh Bahadur and other Sikh warriors, who used to stay here in this fort.

When Sun had a last look on Lohgarh Sahib on that day, we left for our homes. However, every one of us wants to come again to Lohgarh Sahib of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji.

(The historic fort of Lohgarh Sahib of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji is approximately 14-15 Kilometers from historic city of Kapalmochan in Distt. of Yamunanagar, Haryana. Route from Yamunanagar: Yamunanagar ==> Bilaspur ==> Kapalmochan ==> Lohgarh Sahib. If someone is coming from Chandigarh, he must follow this route: Chandigarh ==> Raipur Rani ==> Sadhaura ==> Bilaspur ==> Kapalmochan ==> Lohgarh Sahib. Fort of Lohgarh falls in two states, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. Gurdwara Quila Lohgarh Sahib is situated in Haryana state, however a big part of old fort is in Himachal Pradesh. There are no shops around Lohgarh Sahib. It is good to carry water with you, as there is shortage of water there, especially during hot months. Also, water available there is salty. People often take water from Lohgarh Sahib as ‘Prashad’).

(See Pictures of Quila Lohgarh Sahib Where The Lion Roared).

Amrit World Thanks ‘Sangat’

AmritWorld.com is really thankful to the members of local Sikh community who are doing selfless service to Gurdwara Patshahi 10, Quila (Fort) of Raipur Rani, Haryana.

In these video clips, I am expressing my sentiments with the Sangat in Gurdwara Patshahi 10, fort of Raipur Rani on August 8, 2008…