Tag Archives: Human Rights

Everyone Has All the Rights and Freedom

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

Article 2

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations On December 10, 1948 has explained all the rights and freedom in its 30 points.

One and all on this planet is given the right to the entire these rights, without distinction of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

The term ‘race’ has been translated as ‘Jaati’ (जाति) in Hindi translation provided by the United Nations. The term ‘Jaati’ is often translated as ‘Caste’ in English language. The word ‘Jaati’ is more relevant than the word ‘race’ in Indian context, where the government gives special rights to people belonging to particular castes.

If any government gives special treatment to a few groups of people belonging to particular castes, tribes, race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, nation or social origin, property, birth or other status, it clearly means that such government is discriminating against people of other castes, tribes, race, colour, sex, language, religion etc. If such things happen, it is a clear case of human rights violation.

For instance, in India, there are many seats reserved for scheduled castes and tribes for Parliament and State Assemblies. When a seat is reserved for a scheduled caste in a constituency, people belonging to non-scheduled castes are deprived of their right to contest election. Similarly, if any constituency is reserved for scheduled tribes, people belonging to non-scheduled tribes have no right to contest election. If we go by words and spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, such reservation is a breach of human rights.

There is reservation in educational institutions, jobs, and promotion in jobs as well. (For details, please go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reservation_in_India). Reservation system in political field is in practice in a few other countries as well. (For details, please go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reserved_political_positions)

Furthermore, Not all countries or territories are sovereign states. A few countries are under some limitation of autonomy. A few are occupied by other sovereign states.

A person could be a citizen of a sovereign state or non-self-governing territory. He could be living in an occupied land. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, without distinction of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which s/he belongs, whether it is independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

In simple language, everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms, despite a different sex, a different skin colour, speaking a different language, thinking different things, believing in another religion, owning more or less property, being born in another social group, coming from another country, It also makes no difference whether the country you live in is independent or not.

Equal Rights for Human Beings

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

The Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights says:

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Plain language version: When children are born, they are free and each should be treated in the same way. They have reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a friendly manner.

Born Free

The God (My atheist brothers would prefer the word ‘nature’ instead) has created every person free. It means every person has personal rights or liberty, as one who is not in slavery or confinement.

Equal Rights

There are many basic human rights. Every human being is entitled to all the rights, without distinction of race, colour, sex, language, religion, social origin, or other status. When we say every human being is equal in rights, it simply means that every person has every right what anyone else enjoys. A person or a group of persons could not be allowed to enjoy certain privileges. Privileges enjoyed by a certain caste or group enabling them to do whatever they like result in social unrest in the long run.

Equal In Dignity

Dignity is state of being worthy of esteem or respect. Dignity means that a human being has an inborn right to be valued and get fair treatment. Dignity also has expressive meanings relating to human worth. Every person has been created by the God equal in dignity.

Endowed With Reason

Human beings are endowed with reason. They have the capacity for logical, rational, and investigative thinking.

Conscience

Conscience is the sense of right and wrong that governs a person’s thoughts and actions. Humans are bestowed with conscience as well. They know what is wrong and what is right.

It means that as a human being, everyone is capable to understand that stealing is wrong. It means that everyone understands that providing someone with food is right.

These points (of reason and conscience) in the Article 1 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights are very important. If someone steals something, he cannot say that imprisonment as an act of punishment to him is contrary to his basic right of freedom (because he is born free). A criminal must understand that he can be punished for his crimes. Also, he cannot argue that he did not know that stealing is bad. As a human being, because he is gifted with reason and conscience, he naturally knows what is right and wrong.

Spirit of brotherhood

Humans are born free. They are equal. They are equal in rights. They are equal in dignity. Because they are blessed with reason and conscience, they must know that other people have same rights as well. Rights of other people should also be protected. All are equal means all belong to one race, that is to say humanity. We all belong to one family. Thus, the Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights expects that everyone ‘should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood’.

Not looking like father

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

Every parent has the duty to care for his/her child unconditionally. Every new born deserves love and compassion. However, every now and then new born is not appreciated by its father or mother.

A Chinese, named Jian Feng, living in Northern China, has filed for divorce from his wife after he found their newborn baby to be ‘incredibly ugly’. He has accused his wife of dishonesty, since the child girl did not look like him.

Feng said that his wife tricked him into the union by appearing to be a fine-looking woman when she was instead ugly. It was an obvious case of false advertising, as it turned out that his once-beloved had spent over $100,000 in plastic surgery to alter her look.

Shocked by the fact that his wife had never revealed that surgery had enhanced her looks, Feng took the matter to court and won $120,000 in an agreement.

We see many persons, who do not look like their fathers. Also, we see many persons, who do not look like their mothers. When someone does not look like his mother, no one takes notice. However, if someone does not look like his father, people start saying bad things. It sometimes happens where most of people are uneducated or less educated.

There is a person, who does not look like his father. In actual fact, he looks like his paternal uncle. People say awful things about him. This person gets angry. He now has started even physically attack people in a fit of rage. He is irritated by the fact that he does not look like his father, instead looks like his uncle.

It is common to hear people saying, “Do you know what we call a person who does not look like his father?”

Jian Feng sued his wife. Can their daughter sue her father for being a bad parent? Or, can parents sue each other if the child is born with a birth deficiency? Can a person instigate legal proceedings against his wife, if their child does not look like his father?

What would happen to daughter of Jian Feng, if when grown up she hears that his father called her an ‘incredibly ugly’ baby? It surely will break her heart. She will be unable to find self-esteem.

If a child is not beautiful, it is not his/her error. Why should s/he be insulted for not being good-looking? Even if someone is illegitimate, it is certain that it is not his/her fault. Unquestionably, it is a fault of his mother. People should stop insulting others for such silly points.

Harnaksh Syndrome

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

According to Bhagwat Puran and Vishnu Puran, Prahlad was son of Harnikshipu, and Harnikshipu was a real brother of Harnaksh. Alternatively, Guru Amardas Ji, Guru Ramdas Ji, Bhagat Kabir Ji, and Bhagat Namdev Ji in Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Bhai Gurdas Ji in his‘Vaars’ mentioned that Prahlad was son of Harnaksh.

Nevertheless, it does not matter in any way whether his name was Hrinikshipu or Harnaksh; the story is same in these two versions.

Well, I would prefer the name ‘Harnaksh’ for Prahlad’s father.

Harnaksh was a king in ancient times. Ancient history tells us that he was a mighty ruler. He defeated many kings and spread his kingdom by force. It is said that he defeated even Indra, the king of gods.

Political power or royal power is a big deceiver. Guru Nanak Dev Ji said:

ਮਃ ੧ ॥ ਰਾਜੁ ਮਾਲੁ ਰੂਪੁ ਜਾਤਿ ਜੋਬਨੁ ਪੰਜੇ ਠਗ ॥ ਏਨੀ ਠਗੀਂ ਜਗੁ ਠਗਿਆ ਕਿਨੈ ਨ ਰਖੀ ਲਜ ॥

Royal power, wealth, beauty, social status and youth are the five deceivers. These deceivers have deceived the world; no one’s honor has been spared. (Guru Nanak Dev Ji ,Sri Guru Granth Sahib).

Harnaksh was not an exception. Royal power deceived him also.

He was a king, a political leader. Now, he wanted to be a religious figure as well. He wanted to be worshipped by everybody. He got the idea into his head that he himself was the God. He ordered all people to worship him.

On The Name Of Religion

I support freedom of faith. I believe that everyone has the right to preach his religious views. But, there is difference between ‘preaching’ and ‘imposing’. Harnaksh first preached and then started to impose his ideas by force, by use of violence. He followed simple rule, “follow me or face death”. …This is what I call ‘Harnaksh syndrome’.

Who on earth is not afraid of death? Everyone wants to live; and stay alive for long time. No one wants to pass away.

People started worshipping King Harnaksh. Harnaksh did not deserve to be worshipped. People were worshipping him, only because they were afraid. No one raised his voice against Harnaksh. His ministers, teachers in his kingdom and ordinary people started to say what he liked to hear. He became even more arrogant.

However, the opposition came from his own son. Prahlad was his youngest son. He was about 5 years old. Maharishi Narad, a well-known sage taught him the true worship. Prahlad started worshipping the God Almighty.

Prahlad was sent to school to learn worldly education. His teachers, Shand and Amark tried their best to convince Prahlad that Harnaksh was the God Almighty. Despite their efforts, Prahlad continued singing the Glory of real God.

As it was not enough, Prahlad led other students to worship the Real God. His peaceful manners and thoughts of divine happiness appealed other students. All of them started worshipping God.

Prahlad was summoned to the court of his father, King Harnaksh.

Prahlad tried to convince his father that God reveals Himself to all who devoted to Him. He told that the Supreme Lord is present everywhere.

Harnaksh ordered his assistants to kill Prahlad. They tried different means but they could not kill Prahlad by throwing him beneath the feet of big elephants, throwing him among huge snakes, employing destructive spells, hurling him from the top of a hill, starving him, exposing him to severe cold, winds, fire and water, or throwing heavy stones to crush him.

Raged in anger, Harnaksh took up his sword, got up from his throne, and struck his fist against a pillar with great irritation.

Then from within the pillar came a deafening sound, which had never before been heard. To prove that the Supreme Lord is present everywhere, even within the pillar of an assembly hall, wonderful form of the Lord, Narsingh, which could not be established to be either a man or a lion, emerged from the pillar. The Lord came into sight in His wonderful form in the assembly hall.

Lord Narsingh

Lord Narsingh placed Harnaksh on His lap, supporting him with His thighs, and in the doorway of the assembly hall the Lord very easily tore Harnaksh to pieces with the nails of His hand.

Prahlad was appointed the king. He ruled wisely and well ever after.

I sometime think that there must have been so many Harnakshs in this world in previous times. Many more will come in future as well. After gaining political as well as other powers, they will put in force their artificial ‘religion’. People with ‘Harnaksh Syndrome’ will use violent behavior to spread their religion in future as well.

Harnaksh syndrome is a mental disease, in which the patient uses religion and violence as means to get political power. Terrorism becomes his religion. By force he robs people, and declares that it was the order of the God. He destroys businesses and trades, and says I did so because the God asked me to do so. He commits every kind of sins, even rapes and killings, and then uses his invented ‘religion’ to hide his misdeeds. For him, religion is not a way to realise the God, but an outfit to hide his evil actions. He believes that by using the name of religion, he can easily fool ordinary people.

Calling their followers ‘believers’, declaring non-followers ‘infidels’, using violence to silence dissidents, killing non-followers, and claiming that it is ordered by the God; all these symptoms point toward only one disease, that is to say ‘Harnaksh syndrome’.

History repeats itself. Harnaksh was born and then destroyed. Those who come into power by violence are removed by violence. If any Harnaksh imposes his artificial religion by force, it will be destroyed by force, sooner or later.

‘A Threat’ Is A Weapon Of Terrorism

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

Targeting civilians is a distinctive characteristic of terrorism. However, so far as the issue of ‘threat’ is concerned, I would like to make a point. The purpose of a threat is ‘to terrorize’; and ‘to terrorize’ is terrorism.

Terrorism is an evil ideology, which uses ‘terror’ as a resource to get hold of its goal. A terrorist can spread ‘terror’ with or without using weapons. Ordinary civilians can be terrorized merely by rumors too. And, ‘a threat’ is even more serious ‘weapon’.

A terrorist can commit a terrorist activity by using ‘a threat’ only. Suppose, a terrorist aboard an aero plane has an apple wrapped in a piece of cloth. It is not a bomb, just an apple. He issues ‘a threat’ and says, “I have a bomb wrapped in a piece of this cloth.” And then he tries to hijack the aero plane. In this case, the terrorist has no weapon in his possession, but he uses ‘a threat’ to commit an act of terrorism.

Making threats to spread terror, to provide funds to terrorists, to give weapons to terrorists, and to provide a terrorist with any kind of help should also be considered a part of ‘wider’ definition of terrorism. Even if we believe that ‘a threat’ is not ‘terrorism’, we have to accept that ‘a threat’ can be used as a weapon of terrorism.

Should We Remain Spectators?

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

When I read articles and comments by people on different websites, I realise that such people can be divided in two different categories. One category can be labeled as ‘Spectators’, and the other ‘Activists’.

A ‘spectator’ is a person, who does nothing else, just watches a game, show, or incident etc. A spectator is an observer. He or she goes to an assembly or gathering to observe and report but not to take part in its activities. He or she just sees what is happening. He or she does not try to change the situation. He or she does nothing to make things better.

On the other hand, an ‘activist’ is a person, who advocates or opposes a cause or issue vigorously, especially a social or a political cause. It means an activist is not merely a spectator, but he or she tries to make things better. Thus, activism is a principle or practice of forceful action or involvement as a means of achieving social, political or other goals, sometimes by demonstrations, protests, and even by writings etc.

I generally use the internet for news. I want to know what is happening around the world. I read news and come to know that innocent people are being brutally murdered, raped, plundered, and displaced from their homes. I often see pictures and videos that show miseries of ordinary people.

I have been watching what is going on around the world. However, should I remain purely a spectator? Should I turn blind eye to abuses made by any government or any rebel group?

Our next generations certainly will ask us what we did to stop extremism. They will ask us what we did to make things better. It is not good to be just a spectator.

It is time to be an activist. People around us are innocent. They do not know why terrorism, extremism is there around the world. It is time to create awareness among the masses.

If we remain inactive, we will have to witness our own destruction.

Thus, we have no other option. We have to pressurize our respective governments to take strong steps against terrorism and extremism. We have to raise our voices on every forum.

We can no longer be merely a spectator. We should come together to be activists… Let us try to make things better, by creating awareness among ordinary people, by demonstrations, protests, and even by writings etc.

ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮ ਪ੍ਰਥਾ

(ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਪਾਲ ਸਿੰਘ ‘ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ’)

ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ (ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮ ਰੱਖਣ ਦੀ ਰੀਤ) ਇੱਕ ਸੱਚਾਈ ਸੀ ਅਤੇ ਹੈ ।

ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਇੱਕ ਸਿਸਟਮ ਹੈ, ਜਿਸ ਵਿੱਚ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਪਕੜਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ, ਖ਼ਰੀਦਿਆ ਤੇ ਵੇਚਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ । ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਦੀ ਇੱਛਾ ਦੇ ਖ਼ਿਲਾਫ਼ ਰਖਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ । ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਕੰਮ ਕਰਨ ਲਈ ਮਜਬੂਰ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਉੱਥੋ ਜਾਣ ਦਾ ਜਾਂ ਕੰਮ ਕਰਨ ਤੋਂ ਇਨਕਾਰ ਕਰਨ ਦਾ ਅਧਿਕਾਰ ਨਹੀਂ । ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਤਨਖਾਹ ਜਾਂ ਮੁਆਵਜ਼ਾ ਮੰਗਣ ਦਾ ਕੋਈ ਹੱਕ ਨਹੀਂ ਹੁੰਦਾ ।

ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮਾਂ ਦੀ ਮੰਡੀ (ਪੇਂਟਿੰਗ)

ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਦੇ ਜਨਮ ਦੇ ਸਮੇਂ ਤੋਂ ਵੀ ਪਕੜ ਲਿਆ ਜਾ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ । ਇਸ ਦਾ ਮਤਲਬ ਇਹ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਆਪਣੀ ਜ਼ਿੰਦਗੀ ਦੇ ਪਹਿਲੇ ਦਿਨ ਤੋਂ ਹੀ ਇੱਕ ਇਨਸਾਨ ਨੂੰ ਉਸਦੇ ਹੱਕਾਂ ਤੋਂ ਵਾਂਝਿਆਂ ਕਰ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ ।

ਹਾਲਾਂਕਿ ਪਿੱਛਲੇ ਕੁੱਝ ਸਮੇਂ ਦੌਰਾਨ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ‘ਤੇ ਜ਼ਿਆਦਾਤਰ ਦੇਸ਼ਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਪਾਬੰਦੀ ਲਗਾ ਦਿੱਤੀ ਗਈ ਹੈ, ਪਰ ਹਕੀਕਤ ਵਿੱਚ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਪ੍ਰਥਾ ਕਈ ਰੂਪਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਜੇ ਵੀ ਪ੍ਰਚਲਿਤ ਹੈ; ਜਿਵੇਂ ਕਿ ਬੰਧੂਆ ਮਜ਼ਦੂਰੀ, ਕੈਦ ਕਰ ਕੇ ਰੱਖੇ ਗਏ ਘਰੇਲੂ ਨੌਕਰ, ਬਾਲ-ਫ਼ੌਜੀ, ਬੱਚੇ ਗੋਦ ਲੈਣ ਦੀਆਂ ਨਕਲੀ ਘਟਨਾਵਾਂ ਜਿੱਥੇ ਮਗਰੋਂ ਗੋਦ ਲਏ ਬੱਚਿਆਂ ਤੋਂ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮਾਂ ਵਾਂਗ ਕੰਮ ਲਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ । ਇੱਥੋਂ ਤਕ ਕਿ ਜ਼ਬਰਦਸਤੀ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ ਵਿਆਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਵੀ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਵੱਜੋਂ ਹੀ ਜਾਣਿਆ ਜਾਣਾ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ ।

ਜਦੋਂ ਕੋਈ ਵਿਅਕਤੀ ਲਏ ਗਏ ਕਰਜ਼ੇ ਦੀ ਇਵਜ ਵਿੱਚ ਖ਼ੁਦ ਨੂੰ ਪੇਸ਼ ਕਰਦਾ ਹੈ, ਤਾਂ ਉਸ ਨੂੰ ਬੰਧੂਆ ਮਜ਼ਦੂਰ ਆਖਦੇ ਹਨ । ਕਰਜ਼ਾ ਉਤਾਰਨ ਲਈ ਕੀਤੀ ਜਾਣ ਵਾਲੀ ਮਜ਼ਦੂਰੀ ਤੇ ਇਸ ਦਾ ਸਮਾਂ ਨਿਰਧਾਰਿਤ ਨਹੀਂ ਵੀ ਕੀਤਾ ਹੋਇਆ ਹੋ ਸਕਦਾ । ਅਜਿਹੀ ਬੰਧੂਆ ਮਜ਼ਦੂਰੀ ਅਕਸਰ ਇੱਕ ਪੀੜ੍ਹੀ ਤੋਂ ਦੂਜੀ ਪੀੜ੍ਹੀ ਤਕ ਪੁੱਜਦੀ ਰਹਿੰਦੀ ਹੈ । ਇਸ ਦਾ ਭਾਵ ਇਹ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਬੰਧੂਆ ਮਜ਼ਦੂਰ ਦੇ ਬੱਚੇ ਨੂੰ ਇਸ ਗੱਲ ਲਈ ਮਜਬੂਰ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਉਹ ਆਪਣੇ ਮਾਪਿਆਂ ਦਾ ਕਰਜ਼ਾ ਉਤਾਰੇ । ਇਸ ਕੰਮ ਲਈ ਉਸ ਨੂੰ ਬੰਧੂਆ ਮਜ਼ਦੂਰ ਬਣਨ ਲਈ ਮਜਬੂਰ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ । ਬੰਧੂਆ ਮਜ਼ਦੂਰੀ ਨੂੰ ਅਜੋਕੇ ਸਮੇਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਦਾ ਸਭ ਤੋਂ ਜ਼ਿਆਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਚਲਿਤ ਰੂਪ ਮੰਨਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ ।

ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਦਾ ਇੱਕ ਹੋਰ ਰੂਪ ਹੈ । ਜਦੋਂ ਕਿਸੇ ਵਿਅਕਤੀ ਨੂੰ ਹਿੰਸਾ ਜਾਂ ਸਜ਼ਾ ਦੀ ਧਮਕੀ ਦੇ ਕੇ ਉਸ ਤੋਂ ਉਸ ਦੀ ਮਰਜ਼ੀ ਦੇ ਖ਼ਿਲਾਫ਼ ਕੰਮ ਕਰਵਾਇਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਉਸ ਦੀ ਆਜ਼ਾਦੀ ‘ਤੇ ਪਾਬੰਦੀਆਂ ਲਗਾ ਦਿੱਤੀਆਂ ਜਾਂਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ, ਤਾਂ ਇਸ ਨੂੰ ਜਬਰੀ ਮਜ਼ਦੂਰੀ ਕਰਵਾਉਣਾ ਆਖਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ ।

ਅਸੀਂ ਅਕਸਰ ਅੱਡਰੇ-ਅੱਡਰੇ ਦੇਸ਼ਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਘਰੇਲੂ ਨੌਕਰਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਕੈਦ ਵਿੱਚ ਰੱਖ ਕੇ ਕੰਮ ਕਰਵਾਏ ਜਾਣ ਦੀਆਂ ਖ਼ਬਰਾਂ ਪੜ੍ਹਦੇ ਹਾਂ । ਇਹ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਦੀ ਇੱਕ ਹੋਰ ਕਿਸਮ ਹੈ ।

ਅਜੋਕੇ ਸਮੇਂ ਵਿੱਚ, ਕਈ ਵਾਰੀ ਬੱਚਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਜੰਗਾਂ-ਯੁੱਧਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਲੜਾਕਿਆਂ ਦੇ ਤੌਰ ‘ਤੇ, ਖ਼ਾਸ ਕਰ ਕੇ ਦਹਿਸ਼ਤਗਰਦ ਜੱਥੇਬੰਦੀਆਂ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ । ਇਹ ਬਾਲ-ਸਿਪਾਹੀ ਵੀ ਇੱਕ ਤਰ੍ਹਾਂ ਨਾਲ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮ ਹੀ ਹਨ ।

ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਦੀ ਇੱਕ ਹੋਰ ਕਿਸਮ ਹੈ । ਇਹੋ ਜਿਹੇ ਮਾਮਲਿਆਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਕੋਈ ਵਿਅਕਤੀ ਕਿਸੇ ਬੱਚੇ ਨੂੰ ਗੋਦ ਲੈ ਲੈਂਦਾ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਫਿਰ ਉਸ ਬੱਚੇ ਨੂੰ ਇੱਕ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮ ਵਾਂਗ ਕੰਮ ਕਰਨ ਲਈ ਮਜਬੂਰ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ ।

ਕਈ ਭਾਈਚਾਰਿਆਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਜਵਾਨ ਪੀੜ੍ਹੀ ਨੂੰ ਆਪਣੀ ਮਰਜ਼ੀ ਦੇ ਲੜਕੇ ਜਾਂ ਲੜਕੀ ਨਾਲ ਵਿਆਹ ਕਰਨ ਦੀ ਇਜਾਜ਼ਤ ਨਹੀਂ ਹੁੰਦੀ । ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਕਿਸੇ ਹੋਰ ਨਾਲ ਵਿਆਹ ਕਰਨ ਲਈ ਮਜਬੂਰ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ । ਜੇ ਉਹ ਅਜਿਹਾ ਕਰਨ ਤੋਂ ਇਨਕਾਰ ਕਰਨ, ਤਾਂ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਅਕਸਰ ਨਿਰਦਈ ਸ਼ਾਰੀਰਿਕ ਸਜ਼ਾ ਦਾ ਸਾਹਮਣਾ ਕਰਨਾ ਪੈਂਦਾ ਹੈ । ਕਈ ਵਾਰ ਤਾਂ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਦਾ ਕਤਲ ਤਕ ਵੀ ਕਰ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਉਹ ਵੀ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਦੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਪਾਰਿਵਾਰਿਕ ਜੀਆਂ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਹੀ । ਸ਼ਾਰੀਰਿਕ ਸਜ਼ਾ, ਤੇ ਇੱਥੋਂ ਤਕ ਕਿ ਕਤਲ ਕੀਤੇ ਜਾਣ ਤੋਂ ਬਚਣ ਲਈ ਨੌਜਵਾਨ ਲੋਕ, ਆਮ ਤੌਰ ‘ਤੇ ਕੁੜੀਆਂ ਆਪਣੀ ਇਸ ਤਕਦੀਰ ਨੂੰ ਕਬੂਲ ਕਰ ਲੈਂਦੇ ਹਨ । ਅਜਿਹੇ ਵਿਆਹ ਧੱਕੇ ਨਾਲ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ ਵਿਆਹ ਹਨ ਤੇ ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਵੀ ਇੱਕ ਤਰ੍ਹਾਂ ਦੀ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਹੀ ਸਮਝਿਆ ਜਾਣਾ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ ।

ਦੂਜੇ ਦੇਸ਼ਾਂ ਉੱਤੇ ਹਮਲਿਆਂ ਦੌਰਾਨ ਕਈ ਹਮਲਾਵਰਾਂ ਨੇ ਹਜ਼ਾਰਾਂ ਮਰਦਾਂ, ਔਰਤਾਂ, ਮੁੰਡਿਆਂ ਤੇ ਕੁੜੀਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮ ਬਣਾਇਆ । ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਹਮਲਾਵਰਾਂ ਨੇ ਆਪੋ-ਆਪਣੇ ਦੇਸ਼ ਵਿੱਚ ਜਾ ਕੇ ਸ਼ਰੇਆਮ ਬਾਜ਼ਾਰਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਵੇਚਿਆ ।

ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮਾਂ ਦੀ ਮੰਡੀ (ਪੇਂਟਿੰਗ)

ਕੁੱਝ ਚਿਰ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਤਕ ਵੀ ਕਈ ਔਰਤਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਜੰਗਾਂ ਦੌਰਾਨ ਕਾਮ-ਪੂਰਤੀ ਲਈ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮ ਬਣਾਇਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਰਿਹਾ ਹੈ ।

ਦਸੰਬਰ ੧੦, ੧੯੪੮ ਨੂੰ ਸੰਯੁਕਤ ਰਾਸ਼ਟਰ ਨੇ ਮਨੁੱਖੀ ਅਧਿਕਾਰਾਂ ਬਾਰੇ ਆਲਮੀ ਐਲਾਨਨਾਮਾ ਜਾਰੀ ਕੀਤਾ । ਇਹ ਐਲਾਨਨਾਮਾ ਪਹਿਲੀ ਅੰਤਰਰਾਸ਼ਟਰੀ ਸਵੀਕ੍ਰਿਤੀ ਸੀ ਕਿ ਸਾਰੇ ਇਨਸਾਨਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਮੂਲ ਹੱਕ ਤੇ ਆਜ਼ਾਦੀ ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤ ਹੈ ਤੇ ਇਹ ਐਲਾਨਨਾਮਾ ਅੱਜ ਤਕ ਇੱਕ ਜ਼ਿੰਦਾ ਤੇ ਪ੍ਰਾਸੰਗਿਕ ਦਸਤਾਵੇਜ ਹੈ ।

ਮਨੁੱਖੀ ਅਧਿਕਾਰਾਂ ਬਾਰੇ ਆਲਮੀ ਐਲਾਨਨਾਮੇ ਦੀ ੬੦ਵੀਂ ਵਰ੍ਹੇਗੰਢ (ਦਸੰਬਰ ੧੦, ੨੦੦੮) ਮੌਕੇ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਵਲਡ ਡੋਟ ਕੋਮ ਨੇ ਆਲਮੀ ਐਲਾਨਨਾਮੇ ਨੂੰ ਅਪਣਾ ਲਿਆ ਸੀ

ਮਨੁੱਖੀ ਅਧਿਕਾਰਾਂ ਬਾਰੇ ਆਲਮੀ ਐਲਾਨਨਾਮੇ ਦੇ ਆਰਟੀਕਲ ੪ ਅਨੁਸਾਰ: –

ਕਿਸੇ ਵੀ ਵਿਅਕਤੀ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਲਾਮ ਜਾਂ ਦਾਸ ਨਹੀਂ ਬਣਾਇਆ ਜਾਏਗਾ ਅਤੇ ਗੁਲਾਮਾਂ ਦਾ ਵਾਪਾਰ ਭਾਵੇਂ ਉਹ ਕਿਸੇ ਵੀ ਸ਼ਕਲ ਵਿੱਚ ਹੋਵੇ, ਕਰਨ ਦੀ ਮਨਾਹੀ ਹੈ ।

ਅਸੀਂ ਕਿਸੇ ਵੀ ਤਰ੍ਹਾਂ ਦੀ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਦੇ ਸਖ਼ਤ ਖ਼ਿਲਾਫ਼ ਹਾਂ । ਅਸੀਂ ਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸ ਕਰਦੇ ਹਾਂ ਕਿ ਬੰਧੂਆ ਮਜ਼ਦੂਰੀ, ਬਾਲ-ਸਿਪਾਹੀ, ਜਬਰਨ ਮਜਦੂਰੀ, ਜਬਰਨ ਵਿਆਹ, ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਲਈ ਬੱਚਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਗੋਦ ਲੈਣ ਦੀਆਂ ਨਕਲੀ ਕਾਰਵਾਈਆਂ, ਤੇ ਜੰਗਾਂ ਤੇ ਦੰਗਿਆਂ ਦੌਰਾਨ ਔਰਤਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਕਾਮ-ਪੂਰਤੀ ਲਈ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮ ਬਣਾਉਣਾ ਇਹ ਸਭ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਦੇ ਹੀ ਵੱਖ-ਵੱਖ ਰੂਪ ਹਨ ।

ਵਿਅਕਤੀ, ਸਮੂਹ, ਸੰਸਥਾਵਾਂ, ਰਾਜਨੀਤਿਕ ਪਾਰਟੀਆਂ, ਧਾਰਮਿਕ ਸੰਗਠਨ ਤੇ ਸਰਕਾਰਾਂ ਗ਼ੁਲਾਮੀ ਦੀ ਇਸ ਬੁਰੀ ਪ੍ਰਥਾ ਨੂੰ ਰੋਕਣ ਲਈ ਜੋ ਕੁੱਝ ਵੀ ਕਰ ਸਕਦੇ ਹੋਣ, ਉਹ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾਣਾ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ ।

ਹੋਰਨਾਂ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਇਸ ਵਿਸ਼ੇ ਨਾਲ ਸੰਬੰਧਿਤ ਸਾਮਗਰੀ

ग़ुलाम प्रथा

(अमृत पाल सिंघ ‘अमृत’)

ग़ुलामी (ग़ुलाम रखने की प्रथा) एक सच्चाई थी और है।

ग़ुलामी एक प्रथा है, जिस में लोगों को पकड़ा जाता है, खरीदा और बेचा जाता है। उन को उन की इच्छा के खिलाफ़ रखा जाता है। गुलामों को काम करने के लिए मजबूर किया जाता है और उन्हें वहाँ से जाने का कोई अधिकार या काम से इनकार करने का अधिकार नहीं होता। उन को तनख्वाह (सैलरी) या मुआवज़ा मांगने का कोई हक नहीं होता।

मंडी में बेचने के लाया गया ग़ुलाम (पेंटिंग

गुलामों को उन के जन्म के वक्त से भी पकड़ लिया जा सकता है। इस का मतलब यह है कि अपनी ज़िन्दगी के पहले दिन से ही एक इन्सान को उसके अधिकारों से वंचित कर दिया जाता है।

चाहे पिछले कुछ वक्त से ग़ुलामी पर ज़्यादातर देशों में पाबन्दी लगा दी गयी है, पर हकीकत में ग़ुलामी प्रथा कई रूपों में अभी भी प्रचलित है; जैसा कि बंधुआ मज़दूरी, कैद में रखे गए घरेलू नौकर, बाल-सैनिक, बच्चे गोद लेने की नकली घटनाएँ, जहां बाद में गोद लिए बच्चों से गुलामों जैसा काम लिया जाता है। यहाँ तक कि जबरन किए गए विवाहों को भी ग़ुलामी के रूप में ही जाना जाना चाहिए।

जब कोई व्यक्ति कर्ज़ के एवज़ में खुद को पेश करता है, तो उस को बंधुआ मज़दूर कहते हैं। कर्ज़ लौटाने के लिए किए जाने वाली मज़दूरी और इस का वक्त निर्धारित नहीं भी किया हो सकता है। ऐसी बंधुआ मज़दूरी अक्सर एक पीढ़ी से दूसरी पीढ़ी तक पहुँचती रहती है। इस का अर्थ है कि बंधुआ मज़दूर के बच्चे को इस बात के लिए मजबूर किया जाता है कि वह अपने माँ-बाप का कर्ज़ उतारे। इस काम के लिए उस को बंधुआ मज़दूर बनने पर मजबूर किया जाता है। बंधुआ मज़दूरी आज के वक्त में ग़ुलामी का सब से ज़्यादा प्रचलित रूप माना जाता है।

ग़ुलामी का एक और रूप है। जब किसी व्यक्ति को हिंसा या सज़ा की धमकी दे कर उस से उस की मर्ज़ी के खिलाफ़ काम करवाया जाता है और उस की आज़ादी पर पाबंदी लगा दी जाती है, तो इस को जबरन मज़दूरी करवाना कहा जाता है।

हम अक्सर अलग-अलग देशों में घरेलू नौकरों को कैद में रख कर काम करवाए जाने की ख़बरें पढ़ते हैं। यह ग़ुलामी की एक और किस्म है।

वर्तमान में कई बार बच्चों का युद्ध में लड़ाकों के तौर पर, खास कर के दहशतगर्द संगठनों की और से प्रयोग किया जाता है। यह बाल-सिपाही भी एक तरह से ग़ुलाम ही हैं।

ग़ुलामी की एक और किस्म है। ऐसे मामलों में कोई व्यक्ति किसी बच्चे को गोद ले लेता है और फिर उस बच्चे को एक ग़ुलाम की तरह काम करने को मजबूर किया जाता है।

कई भाईचारों में युवा पीढ़ी को अपनी मर्ज़ी के लड़के या लड़की से शादी करने की इजाज़त नहीं होती। उन को किसी और से शादी करने के लिए मजबूर किया जाता है। अगर वे ऐसा करने से इनकार करें, तो उन को अक्सर निर्दयी शारीरिक सज़ा का सामना करना पड़ता है। कई बार तो उन का कत्ल तक भी कर दिया जाता है और वह भी उन के अपने पारिवारिक सदस्यों द्वारा ही। शारीरिक सज़ा, और यहाँ तक कि कत्ल किए जाने से बचने के लिए युवा, आम तौर पर लड़कियां अपनी इस किस्मत को कबूल कर लेते हैं। ऐसे विवाह जबरन किया गए विवाह हैं और इन को भी एक तरह से ग़ुलामी ही समझा जाना चाहिए।

दूसरे देशों पर हमलों के दौरान कई हमलावरों ने हज़ारों मर्दों, औरतों, लड़कों और लड़कियों को ग़ुलाम बनाया। इन ग़ुलाम बनाए गए लोगों को उन हमलावरों ने अपने-अपने देश में जा कर शरेआम बाज़ारों में बेचा।

बाज़ार में बिकते ग़ुलाम (पेंटिंग)

कुछ देर पहले तक भी कई औरतों को युद्ध के दौरान काम-वासना की पूर्ति के लिए ग़ुलाम बनाया जाता रहा है।

दिसम्बर १०, १९४८ को संयुक्त राष्ट्र ने मानव अधिकारों की सार्वभौम घोषणा की। यह घोषणा पहली सार्वभौम स्वीकृति थी कि सभी इन्सानों को मूल हक और आज़ादी प्राप्त है और यह घोषणा आज तक एक ज़िंदा और प्रासंगिक दस्तावेज़ है।

मानव अधिकारों की सार्वभौम घोषणा की ६०वीं सालगिरह (दिसम्बर १०, २००८) के मौके पर अमृतवर्ल्ड डॉट कॉम ने सार्वभौम घोषणा को अपना लिया था

मानव अधिकारों की सार्वभौम घोषणा के अनुच्छेद ४ के अनुसार: –

कोई भी ग़ुलामी या दासता की हालत में न रखा जाएगा, ग़ुलामी-प्रथा और गुलामों का व्यापार अपने सभी रूपों में निषिद्ध होगा।

हम किसी भी तरह की ग़ुलामी के सख़्त खिलाफ़ हैं। हम विश्वास करते हैं कि बंधुआ मज़दूरी, बाल-सिपाही, जबरन मज़दूरी, जबरन विवाह, ग़ुलामी के लिए बच्चों को गोद लेने की नकली घटनाएँ, और युद्ध और दंगों के दौरान औरतों को काम-पूर्ति के लिए ग़ुलाम बनाना, यह सभी ग़ुलामी के ही अलग-अलग रूप हैं।

व्यक्ति, समूह, संस्थाएं, राजनैतिक दल, धार्मिक संगठन और सरकारें ग़ुलामी की इस प्रथा को रोकने के लिए जो कुछ भी कर सकते हों, वह किया जाना चाहिए।

औरों की इस विषय पर संबन्धित सामग्री

छत्री ब्रहमन रहा न कोई

(अमृत पाल सिंघ ‘अमृत’)

जब भी किसी निर्दोष की हत्या होती है, वह एक गलत कार्य होता है। निर्दोष का अर्थ है, ‘जिस का दोष न हो’। ‘निर्दोष’ के अर्थ में यह शामिल नही होता कि वह हिन्दू है या मुस्लिम, सिख है या ईसाई। चाहे गोधरा की घटना हो, या पंजाब की घटनाएँ हो, दिल्ली, असम, कश्मीर, बांग्लादेश या पाकिस्तान हो, निर्दोष को हुआ कोई भी नुकसान निंदनीय ही होता है।

कोई एक गलत कार्य किसी दूसरे गलत कार्य को सही साबित नही कर सकता। गोधरा में निर्दोषों की हत्याएँ पूरे गुजरात में हुये मुसलमानों के कत्ल-ए-आम को जायज़ करार नही दे सकतीं।

निर्दोष, निहत्थे, मासूम बच्चों, औरतों और मर्दों की हत्या करना एक घृणित अपराध है। ‘यह गलत क्यों है?’, यह वही समझ सकता है, जिसने सच्चे ‘क्षत्रिय धर्म’ को जान लिया हो। ‘क्षत्रिय धर्म’ जानने वाले को पता था कि सीता जी के हर्ण का बदला किस से लेना है। क्या हनुमान जी के लिए यह मुश्किल था कि वह रावण के परिवार को एक कमरे में बंद कर के आग लगा देते? युद्ध करने की ज़रूरत ही न होती। ‘क्षत्रिय धर्म’ जानने वाले को पता था कि ऐसा करना एक घृणित अपराध है। भला, रावण के अपराध करने से मंदोदरी का दोषी होना कैसे सिद्ध होता है? भला, रावण के अपराध के लिए मंदोदरी को सज़ा कैसे दी जा सकती थी? सज़ा तो रावण को ही मिलनी चाहिए थी। यह बात ‘क्षत्रिय धर्म’ जानने वालों को पता थी। इसीलिए, उन्होने वही किया, जो ‘क्षत्रिय धर्म’ के अनुसार करना चाहिए था।

निर्दोष को नही, बल्कि अपराधी को ही सज़ा देना ‘क्षत्रिय धर्म’ के अनुसार है।

चलो छोड़ो, यह मान लेते हैं कि आज ‘क्षत्रिय धर्म’ भी ‘ब्राह्मण धर्म’ की भांति दुर्लभ हो गया है। गुरु गोबिन्द सिंघ जी ने भी तो लिख ही दिया, “छत्री जगति न देखीऐ कोई” (कलकी अवतार, श्री दशम ग्रंथ जी)।

और,

“छत्री ब्रहमन रहा न कोई ॥” (कलकी अवतार, श्री दशम ग्रंथ जी)।

चलो, मान लेते हैं कि “एक एक ऐसे मत कै है।। जा ते प्रापति शूद्रता होए है॥” (कलकी अवतार, श्री दशम ग्रंथ जी)।

किन्तु, जो कार्य न तो ‘ब्राह्मण धर्मा’ हो और न ही ‘क्षत्रिय धर्मा’, (बल्कि इसके विपरीत ही हो), उसकी प्रशंसा तो ‘ब्राह्मण’ और ‘क्षत्रिय’ पुरुषों के वंशज न करें।

What is more offensive?

(Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’)

What is more offensive, calling a country ‘a cancerous tumour’, or calling a violent movement ‘savage’? Is calling Israel ‘a disease’ not offensive?

When President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad bragged, “Israel is a cancerous tumour that will soon be finished off”, the main-stream media published it as merely a news item; as if a threat by a President of a country is not something serious.

Ahmadinejad said, “The nations of the region will soon finish off the usurper Zionists in the Palestinian land…. A new Middle East will definitely be formed. With the grace of God and help of the nations, in the new Middle East there will be no trace of the Americans and Zionists”.

It seems many people do not think that the comments by Iran’s President were ‘Racist’ by character.

When a specific advertisement appeared in the US, people started to raise objections. The advertisement said, “In any war between the civilized man and the savage, support the civilized man. Support Israel, Defeat Jihad.”

A US based group (American Freedom Defence Initiative) paid for this advertisement, which appeared on city buses in San Francisco, US.

However, when in London a few people hold banners, which say, “Israel is a disease, we are the cure”, the main stream media simply pays no attention to it.

When the group ‘American Freedom Defence Initiative‘, along with others, holds a peaceful anti-Islamization demonstration in Stockholm (Sweden), they are called ‘Racists’ and ‘Militants’. Video recordings of the demonstration make it clear that anti-Islamisation demonstration was totally peaceful. However, the opponents of this demonstration, who organised a counter-rally at the same place, were violent. They tried to attack peaceful demonstrators of anti-Islamization rally. Even the police had to arrest a few counter-demonstrators. They clashed with police amid a hail of bottles and fireworks as they tried to break through a police line and attack the anti-Islamization demonstration.

It seems the media in the US is not worried about what Iran is planning for Israel. Instead, they are worried about what Pamela Geller, the leader of “American Freedom Defence Initiative” and “Stop Islamisation of Nations (SION)” is doing to stop Islamisation of America and other nations.